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Book Details

  • Hardcover
  • Bookstore's Wholesale Price: $133.31
  • March 2008
  • ISBN: 978-0-393-92447-3
  • 494 pages
  • Territory Rights: Worldwide

Learning & Memory


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Howard Eichenbaum (Author, Boston University)


In Learning & Memory, leading researcher Howard Eichenbaum provides a new-fashioned synthesis of the contemporary learning and memory fields.

Utilizing three key strategies, the book achieves this synthesis by first taking an interdisciplinary approach, integrating theories and research from the fields of animal learning, human memory, and neuroscience. Next, Eichenbaum incorporates animal and human research literature throughout to give the book a strong comparative dimension. Finally, Eichenbaum organizes the text around multiple memory systems, moving from simple to more complex forms of learning and memory. Complemented by a comprehensive art program featuring nearly 175 drawings and photos, Learning & Memory is a path-breaking text, thoroughly integrating neuroscience and behavioral research to clearly convey the contemporary science of the mind.



    Part I Foundations

    1. The Nature of Learning and Memory

    1. Memory Defines Our Individuality
    2. Memory Plays a Pervasive Role in Daily Life
    3. Amazing Cases of Amnesia
    4. The Study of Learning and Memory Has a Long History
    5. Modern Scientific Approaches to the Study of Learning and Memory
    6. Themes of This Book
    7. Chapter Summary

    2. The Neural Bases of Learning and Memory

    1. Cells, Circuits, and Systems
    2. Neurons: The Cellular Units of Information Processing
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: What Happens to the Brain When We Age?
    4. Interconnected Neurons in Brain Circuits Serve Specific Functions
    5. Learning & Memory in Action: Can Genetic Alterations Improve Memory?
    6. Brain Systems Serve Psychological Functions
    7. Chapter Summary

    Part II Unconscious Forms of Learning and Memory

    3. Simple Forms of Learning and Memory

    1. Habituation and Sensitization Are Nonassociative Forms of Learning
    2. Habituation Occurs within Brain Circuits
    3. Habituation Helps Us Study Recognition Memory
    4. Learning & Memory in Action: How Do Advertisers Use Dishabituation to Direct Attention to Their Products?
    5. Primitive Nervous Systems Reveal the Biology of Habituation
    6. Sensitization Increases Responsiveness
    7. Learning & Memory in Action: Why Do Horror Movies Heighten Our Responses to Benign Events?
    8. Chapter Summary

    4. Perceptual Learning and Memory

    1. Characteristics of Perceptual Learning and Memory
    2. Perceptual Skill Learning: Identifying Stimuli
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: Can Someone Really Be a "Born Expert"?
    4. Learning & Memory in Action: How Can Farmers Distinguish between Male and Female Baby Chicks?
    5. Perceptual Memories
    6. Chapter Summary

    5. Procedural Learning I: Classical Conditioning

    1. Pavlov Began the Study of Classical Conditioning
    2. Classical Conditioning Provides Protocols for Studying Simple Motor Responses
    3. Variations in Conditioning Reveal Its Basic Properties
    4. Learning & Memory in Action: How Do Clinicians Treat Phobias?
    5. Complex Associations in Classical Conditioning
    6. The Nature of the Association in Classical Conditioning
    7. Neural Circuits Build Reflex Arcs to Support Classical Conditioning
    8. Classical Conditioning Can Illuminate Other Memory Systems
    9. Learning & Memory in Action: Can Coyotes Be Trained Not to Prey on Sheep?
    10. Chapter Summary

    6. Procedural Learning II: Habits and Instrumental Learning

    1. Instrumental Learning Changes Reinforced Behavior to Reflect Memory
    2. Reinforcers Modify the Predictive Relationship between Stimulus and Response
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: What Is the Basis of Losing Streaks?
    4. Animals Learn about the Environment and Expect Reinforcers
    5. Humans' Habits and Skills Combine Cognitive Memory and Instrumental Learning of Motor Programs
    6. Striatal Cortical Pathways Support Instrumental Learning and Skill Acquisition
    7. Learning & Memory in Action: Why Does Stress Often Cause Forgetting?
    8. Chapter Summary

    7. Emotional Learning and Memory

    1. Emotion and Memory Mix at Multiple Levels
    2. Emotional Learning Can Occur without Conscious Recollection
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: Why Do Advertisers Bombard Us with Product Names and Images?
    4. Emotions Influence the Strength of Cognitive Memories
    5. Neural Circuitry for Expressing Emotions Supports Emotional Learning and Memory
    6. Brain Circuits That Support Emotional Arousal and Attention Modulate Cognitive Memory
    7. Learning & Memory in Action: Why Are Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Anxiety So Difficult to Treat?
    8. Chapter Summary

    Part III Conscious Forms of Learning and Memory

    8. Cognitive Memory

    1. Cognitive Memory Is Declarative; Behavioral Memory Is Procedural
    2. Cognitive Memory Is Flexible and Inferential
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: How Do People Make Creative Leaps?
    4. Human Cognitive Memory: Distinct Encoding and Retrieval Strategies
    5. Learning & Memory in Action: How Do Mnemonists Perform Their Tricks?
    6. Cognitive Memory Uses a Circuit of Cortical Structures and the Hippocampus
    7. Animal Models Identify the Role of the Hippocampus in Cognitive Memory
    8. Chapter Summary

    9. Episodic Memory

    1. Defining Episodic Memory
    2. Fundamental Properties of Episodic Memory
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: Eyewitness Testimony
    4. The Hippocampus Supports Episodic Memory
    5. Learning & Memory in Action: Aging and Memory Loss
    6. Episodic Memory May Exist in Animals
    7. Hippocampal Neurons Represent Episodic Memories
    8. Chapter Summary

    10. Semantic Memory

    1. Defining Semantic Memory
    2. Learning & Memory in Action: How Can Computers Learn to Recognize Speech?
    3. Spatial Memories May Be Organized as Routes or Surveys
    4. Learning & Memory in Action: Designing Cities
    5. The Organization of Semantic Information Processing
    6. Episodic Memory Contributes to Semantic Memory
    7. Chapter Summary

    11. Memory Consolidation

    1. Studies of Retrograde Amnesia Characterized Memory Consolidation
    2. Memory Consolidation Has Two Distinct Stages
    3. Cellular Events Are the First Stage of Memory Consolidation
    4. Learning & Memory in Action: Blocking Consolidation of Traumatic Memories
    5. The Hippocampal–Cortical System Supports Prolonged Memory Reorganization
    6. Learning & Memory in Action: Does Sleep Aid Memory Consolidation?
    7. Models of Cortical–Hippocampal Interactions Illuminate Memory Reorganization
    8. Chapter Summary

    12. Short-Term Memory and Working Memory

    1. Defining Short-Term Memory
    2. Working Memory Is Short-Term Memory with Several Components
    3. Learning & Memory in Action: How Do Waitresses and Waiters Remember So Much?
    4. Working Memory Is Controlled by the Prefrontal Cortex
    5. Learning & Memory in Action: What Is It Like to Have Prefrontal Cortex Damage?
    6. A Network of Cortical Areas Orchestrates Working Memory
    7. Chapter Summary




    Name Index