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Book Details

  • Paperback
  • Bookstore's Wholesale Price: $14.50
  • April 2019
  • ISBN: 978-0-393-64398-5
  • 256 pages
  • Territory Rights: Worldwide

The Epic of Gilgamesh

A Norton Critical Edition

Second Edition


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Benjamin R. Foster (Editor, Yale University)


“This scrupulous new translation of The Epic of Gilgamesh manages to convey much of the archaic power and even something of the occasional humor of the ancient Mesopotamian poem. What is especially valuable is that the translators, by collating passages from the different ancient versions of this epic that have survived only in fragments, have made available many vivid narrative episodes that will be new to most English readers of the poem.” 

Robert Alter, University of California, Berkeley

This Norton Critical Edition includes:

  • An expanded translation from the Akkadian by Benjamin R. Foster based on new discoveries, adding lines throughout the world’s oldest epic masterpiece.
  • Benjamin R. Foster’s full introduction and expanded explanatory annotations.
  • Eleven illustrations.
  • Analogues from the Sumerian and Hittite narrative traditions along with “The Gilgamesh Letter,” a parody of the epic enjoyed by Mesopotamian schoolchildren during the first millennium BCE.
  • Essays by Thorkild Jacobsen, William L. Moran, Susan Ackerman, and Andrew R. George, and a poem by Hillary Major.
  • A Glossary of Proper Names and a Selected Bibliography.



This revised edition includes a translation of over 150 recently discovered lines of the epic and retranslations of the Sumerian Gilgamesh poems that take into account new information about the material.


Nearly a dozen illustrations help students visualize Mesopotamian culture, and the Glossary of Proper Names assists in understanding the poem’s cast of characters.


Students save 25 percent on packages of two or more Norton Critical Editions.

Download Contents (pdf)