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Book Details

  • Paperback
  • Bookstore's Wholesale Price: $24.00
  • November 2016
  • ISBN: 978-0-393-61450-3
  • 392 pages
  • Volume(s): 2 / Chapters 15-28
  • Territory Rights: USA and Dependencies, Philippines and Canada.

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Voices of Freedom

A Documentary History

Fifth Edition


Volume(s): 2 / Chapters 15-28

See all options and formats starting at

Eric Foner (Author, Columbia University)


The best-selling companion reader to the Give Me Liberty! family of books.

Voices of Freedom: A Documentary History is the only reader with a thematic focus on American freedom in its many dimensions. The organization of this compact, unintimidating collection of primary source documents mirrors that of the enormously successful Give Me Liberty! family of U.S. survey texts, and has been fully updated to match the Fifth Edition. Affordable and an exceptional value when packaged with Give Me Liberty!, Voices of Freedom is now available for the first time in an alternative ebook format.


A rich collection of primary-source documents anchored by the freedom theme

Voices of Freedom is a comprehensive collection that offers a diverse gathering of authors and opinions. Each chapter features 6–8 primary sources touching on major chapter themes. Like its parent text Give Me Liberty!, Voices is tied together by the theme of American freedom. Of the 200 documents across both volumes, there are 23 new sources—10 in Volume 1 and 13 in Volume 2.  

The only reader edited by Eric Foner

Foner has a knack for distilling primary source documents to their essence, revealing key ideas. Pedagogy for each primary source document is tight, but effective, and includes headnotes, study questions, and modernized spellings.  

Updated to reflect the new borderlands and western history of Give Me Liberty!

The Fifth Edition of Give Me Liberty! features new cutting-edge scholarship including a focus on the American West and regions known as borderlands. Borderlands history explores the connections of trade, family, community, migration, religion, and the informal alliances that extend across formal political borders, and sometimes override these divisions. Voices complements this new emphasis with several new documents. 

Accessible and affordable

Voices remains the same compact size and has maintained a length that allows it to be assigned with other readings. Among the least expensive readers in its field, it is a truly exceptional value when packaged with Give Me Liberty!—just $5 net per additional volume. For the first time, Voices is also available in an even more affordable new ebook format that provides students and instructors with more options.

    Follows the Table of Contents of all editions of Give Me Liberty! Note that this reader is still in production and these are the planned selections, pending permissions clearances.

    * Asterisks indicate new selections.
    One-Volume Cloth: Chapters 1–28
    Volume 1: Chapters 1–15
    Volume 2: Chapters 15–28

    Part 1: American Colonies to 1763

    Chapter 1: A New World
    Adam Smith, The Results of Colonization (1776)
    *Giovanni da Verrazano, Encountering Native Americans (1524)
    Bartolomé de las Casas on Spanish Treatment of the Indians, from History of the Indies (1528)
    The Pueblo Revolt (1680)
    Father Jean de Brébeuf on the Customs and Beliefs of the Hurons (1635)
    Jewish Petition to the Dutch West India Company (1655)

    Chapter 2: Beginnings of English America, 1607–1660
    Exchange between John Smith and Powhatan (1608)
    Sending Women to Virginia (1622)
    Maryland Act Concerning Religion (1644)
    John Winthrop, Speech to the Massachusetts General Court (1645)
    The Trial of Ann Hutchinson (1637)
    Roger Williams, Letter to the Town of Providence (1655)
    The Levellers, The Agreement of the People Presented to the Council of the Army (1647)

    Chapter 3: Creating Anglo-America, 1660–1750
    William Penn, Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges and Liberties (1701)
    Nathaniel Brown on Bacon's Rebellion (1676)
    Letter by an Immigrant to Pennsylvania (1769)
    An Apprentice’s Indenture Contract (1718)
    Memorial against Non-English Immigration (1727)
    *Gottlieb Mittelberger on the Trade in Indentured Servants (1750)
    Women in the Household Economy (1709)

    Chapter 4: Slavery, Freedom, and the Struggle for Empire, to 1763
    Olaudah Equiano on Slavery (1789)
    Advertisements for Runaway Slaves and Servants (1738)
    The Independent Reflector on Limited Monarchy and Liberty (1752)
    The Trial of John Peter Zenger (1735)
    The Great Awakening Comes to Connecticut (1740)
    Pontiac, Two Speeches (1762 and 1763)
    Part 2: A New Nation, 1763–1840

    Chapter 5: The American Revolution, 1763–1783
    Virginia Resolutions on the Stamp Act (1765)
    New York Workingmen Demand a Voice in the Revolutionary Struggle (1770) Association of the New York Sons of Liberty (1773)
    Farmington, Connecticut, Resolutions on the Intolerable Acts (1774)
    Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776)
    *Samuel Seabury’s Argument against Independence (1775)

    Chapter 6: The Revolution Within
    *Abigail and John Adams on Women and the American Revolution (1776) Jefferson’s Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom (1779)
    The Right of "Free Suffrage" (1776)
    Noah Webster on Equality (1787)
    Liberating Indentured Servants (1784)
    *Letter of Phillis Wheatley (1774)
    Benjamin Rush, Thoughts Upon Female Education (1787)

    Chapter 7: Founding a Nation, 1783–1791
    Petition of Inhabitants West of the Ohio River (1785)
    *David Ramsey, American Innovations in Government (1789)
    Patrick Henry’s Anti-Federalist Argument (1788)
    A July Fourth Oration (1800)
    Thomas Jefferson on Race and Slavery (1781)
    J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur, "What, then, is the American?" (1782)

    Chapter 8: Securing the Republic, 1791–1815
    Benjamin F. Bache, A Defense of the French Revolution (1792-93)
    Address of the Democratic-Republican Society of Pennsylvania (1794)
    Judith Sargent Murray, "On the Equality of the Sexes" (1790)
    Protest against the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
    George Tucker on Gabriel’s Rebellion (1801)
    Tecumseh on Indians and Land (1810)
    Felix Grundy, Battle Cry of the War Hawks (1811)
    Mercy Otis Warren on Religion and Virtue (1805)

    Chapter 9: The Market Revolution, 1800–1840
    Complaint of a Lowell Factory Worker (1845)
    Joseph Smith, The Wentworth Letter (1842)
    A Woman in the Westward Movement (1824)
    Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The American Scholar" (1837)
    Henry David Thoreau, Walden (1854)
    Charles G. Finney, "Sinners Bound to Change Their Own Hearts" (1836)

    Chapter 10: Democracy in America, 1815–1840
    The Monroe Doctrine (1823)
    John Quincy Adams on the Role of the National Government (1825)
    John C. Calhoun, the Concurrent Majority (ca. 1845)
    *Virginia Petition for the Right to Vote (1829)
    Appeal of the Cherokee Nation (1830)
    Appeal of Forty Thousand Citizens (1838)

    Part 3: Slavery, Freedom, and the Crisis of the Union, 1840–1877

    Chapter 11: The Peculiar Institution
    Frederick Douglass on the Desire for Freedom (1845)
    Rise of the Cotton Kingdom (1836)
    William Sewall, The Results of the British Emancipation (1860)
    Rules of Highland Plantation (1838)
    Slavery and the Bible (1850)
    Letter by a Fugitive Slave (1840)
    *Solomon Northup, The New Orleans Slave Market (1853)

    Chapter 12: An Age of Reform, 1820–1840
    Robert Owen, “The First Discourse on a New System of Society” (1825) Philip Schaff on Freedom as Self-Restraint (1855)
    David Walker's Appeal (1829)
    Frederick Douglass on the Fourth of July (1852)
    Catherine Beecher on the "Duty of American Females" (1837)
    Angelina Grimké on Women’s Rights (1837)
    Declaration of Sentiments of the Seneca Falls Convention (1848)

    Chapter 13: A House Divided, 1840–1861
    John L. O'Sullivan, Manifest Destiny (1845)
    A Protest against Anti-Chinese Prejudice (1852)
    Henry David Thoreau, Resistance to Civil Government (1849)
    William Henry Seward, "The Irrepressible Conflict" (1858)
    *Texas Declaration of Independence (1836)
    The Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)
    South Carolina Ordinance of Secession (1860)

    Chapter 14: A New Birth of Freedom: The Civil War, 1861–1865
    *Alexander H. Stephens, The Cornerstone of the Confederacy (1861)
    Marcus M. Spiegel, Letter of a Civil War Solider (1864)
    Samuel S. Cox Condemns Emancipation (1862)
    Abraham Lincoln, The Gettysburg Address (1863)
    Frederick Douglass on Black Soldiers (1863)
    Letter by the Mother of a Black Soldier (1863)
    Abraham Lincoln, Address at Sanitary Fair, Baltimore (1864)
    Mary Livermore on Women and the War (1883)

    Chapter 15: "What Is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865–1877
    Petition of Black Residents of Nashville (1865)
    Petition of Committee on Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson (1865)
    The Mississippi Black Code (1865)
    A Sharecropping Contract (1866)
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton, "Home Life" (ca. 1875)
    Frederick Douglass, "The Composite Nation" (1869)
    Robert B. Elliott on Civil Rights (1874)

    Part 4: Toward a Global Presence, 1870–1920

    Chapter 16: America's Gilded Age, 1870–1890
    *Jorgen and Otto Jorgensen, Homesteading in Montana (1908)
    Andrew Carnegie, The Gospel of Wealth (1889)
    William Graham Sumner on Social Darwinism (ca. 1880)
    A Second Declaration of Independence (1879)
    Henry George, Progress and Poverty (1879)
    Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward (1888)
    Walter Rauschenbusch and the Social Gospel (1912)

    Chapter 17: Freedom's Boundaries, at Home and Abroad, 1890–1900 The Populist Platform (1892)
    *Booker T. Washington, Address at the Atlanta Cotton Exposition (1895)
    *W. E. B. Du Bois, A Critique of Booker T. Washington (1903)
    Ida B. Wells, Crusade for Justice (ca. 1892)
    Frances E. Willard, Women and Temperance (1883)
    Josiah Strong, Our Country (1885)
    Emilio Aguinaldo on American Imperialism in the Philippines (1899)

    Chapter 18: The Progressive Era, 1900–1916
    Manuel Gamio on a Mexican-American Family and American Freedom (ca. 1926)
    Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Women and Economics (1898)
    John A. Ryan, A Living Wage (1912)
    The Industrial Workers of the World and the Free Speech Fights (1909)
    Margaret Sanger on "Free Motherhood," from Women and the New Race (1920)
    *Mary Church Terrell, “What it Means to be Colored in the Capital of the United States” (1906)
    Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom (1912)
    R. G. Ashley, Unions and “The Cause of Liberty” (1910)

    Chapter 19: Safe for Democracy: The United States and World War I, 1916–1920 Woodrow Wilson, A World "Safe for Democracy" (1917)
    A Critique of the Versailles Peace Conference (1919)
    Carrie Chapman Catt, Address to Congress on Women's Suffrage (1917)
    Eugene V. Debs, Speech to the Jury (1918)
    *Randolph Bourne, “War is the Health of the State” (1918)
    Rubie Bond, The Great Migration (1917)
    Marcus Garvey on Africa for the Africans (1921)
    John A. Fitch on the Great Steel Strike (1919)

    Part 5: Depression and Wars, 1920–1953

    Chapter 20: From Business Culture to Great Depression: The Twenties, 1920–1932 André Siegfried on the "New Society," from the Atlantic Monthly (1928)
    The Fight for Civil Liberties (1921)
    Bartolomeo Vanzetti's Last Statement in Court (1927)
    Congress Debates Immigration (1921)
    Meyer v. Nebraska and the Meaning of Liberty (1923)
    Alain Locke, The New Negro (1925)
    Elsie Hill and Florence Kelley Debate the Equal Rights Amendment (1922)

    Chapter 21: The New Deal, 1932–1940
    Letter to Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins (1937)
    John Steinbeck, The Harvest Gypsies (1936)
    *Labor’s Great Upheaval (1937)
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, Speech to the Democratic National Convention (1936) Herbert Hoover on the New Deal and Liberty (1936)
    Norman Cousins, "Will Women Lose their Jobs?" (1939)
    Frank H. Hill on the Indian New Deal (1935)
    W. E. B. Du Bois, "A Negro Nation within a Nation" (1935)

    Chapter 22: Fighting for the Four Freedoms: World War II, 1941–1945 Franklin D.
    Roosevelt on the Four Freedoms (1941)
    Will Durant, Freedom of Worship (1943)
    Henry R. Luce, The American Century (1941)
    Henry A. Walllace on "The Century of the Common Man" (1942)
    F.A. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom (1944)
    World War II and Mexican-Americans (1945)
    African Americans and the Four Freedoms (1944)
    Justice Robert A. Jackson, Dissent in Korematsu v. United States (1944)

    Chapter 23: The United States and the Cold War, 1945–1953 Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1945)
    The Truman Doctrine (1947)
    NSC 68 and the Ideological Cold War (1950)
    Walter Lippmann, A Critique of Containment (1947)
    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
    President's Commission on Civil Rights, To Secure these Rights (1947)
    Joseph R. McCarthy on the Attack (1950)
    *Margaret Chase Smith, Declaration of Conscience (1950)
    Will Herberg, The American Way of Life (1955)

    Part 6: What Kind of Nation? 1953–2015

    Chapter 24: An Affluent Society, 1953–1960
    Richard Nixon, "What Freedom Means to Us" (1959)
    *Daniel L. Schorr, “Reconverting Mexican Americans” (1946)
    The Southern Manifesto (1956)
    Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom (1962)
    C. Wright Mills on "Cheerful Robots" (1959)
    Allen Ginsberg, “Howl” (1955)
    Martin Luther King Jr. and the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)

    Chapter 25: The Sixties, 1960–1968
    Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from a Birmingham Jail (1963)
    *Malcolm X, The Ballot or the Bullet (1964)
    Barry Goldwater on "Extremism in the Defense of Liberty" (1964)
    Lyndon B. Johnson, Commencement Address at Harvard University (1965)
    The Port Huron Statement (1962)
    Paul Potter on the Antiwar Movement (1965)
    The National Organization for Women (1966)
    César Chavez, "Letter from Delano" (1969)
    The International 1968 (1968)

    Chapter 26: The Triumph of Conservatism, 1969–1988
    Brochure on the Equal Rights Amendment (1970s)
    Barry Commoner, The Closing Circle (1971)
    *The Sagebrush Rebellion (1979)
    Jimmy Carter on Human Rights (1977)
    Jerry Falwell, Listen America! (1980)
    Phyllis Schlafly, "The Fraud of the ERA" (1972)
    James Watt, "Environmentalists: A Threat to the Ecology of the West" (1978)
    Ronald Reagan, Inaugural Address (1981)

    Chapter 27: Triumph and Tragedy, 1989–2001
    Pat Buchanan, Speech to the Republican National Convention (1992)
    Bill Clinton, Speech on Signing of NAFTA (1993)
    Declaration for Global Democracy (1999)
    The Beijing Declaration on Women (1995)
    Puwat Charukamnoetkanok, "Triple Identity: My Experience as an Immigrant in America" (1990)

    Chapter 28: A New Century and New Crises
    The National Security Strategy of the United States (2002)
    Robert Byrd on the War in Iraq (2003)
    Second Inaugural Address of George W. Bush (2005)
    Archbishop Roger Mahoney, "Called by God to Help" (2006)
    *Anthony Kennedy, Opinion of the Court in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015) Security, Liberty, and the War on Terror (2008)
    *Barack Obama, Eulogy at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church (2015)

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