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Book Details

  • Paperback
  • Bookstore's Wholesale Price: $65.00
  • September 2015
  • ISBN: 978-0-393-26541-5
  • 720 pages
  • Territory Rights: Worldwide

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    Doing Ethics

    Moral Reasoning and Contemporary Issues

    Fourth Edition

    Paperback

    See all options and formats starting at
    $35.00

    Lewis Vaughn (Author)

     

    The most accessible introduction to ethical theory, moral reasoning, and contemporary ethical issues—now shorter and more focused, and still the best value.

    Doing Ethics emphasizes that moral decision making is an active process—something one does. The Fourth Edition provides students with the theoretical and logical tools that a morally mature person must bring to that process, and offers a wealth of readings and case studies for them to consider and discuss. Streamlined prose, real-world relevance, and practical pedagogy—all at an affordable price—make Doing Ethics the leading applied ethics text.

    More...

    Clear, concise, and student friendly

    Summaries of core concepts and major arguments in Doing Ethics are balanced and comprehensive, while carefully considered readings make for more teachable chapters and a text that is 50 pages shorter than its previous edition. Pedagogical features throughout—including “Quick Review” boxes, chapter review questions, and key-term reviews—support students as they master important ideas. 

    A sustained emphasis on critical thinking

    In its coverage of moral reasoning, Doing Ethics explores the basic principles of critical thinking, from how to gauge the strength and soundness of moral arguments and how to test the moral premises of an argument to how to spot—and avoid—weak arguments. The text also features a guide to diagramming ethical arguments, more than 20 “Critical Thought” boxes that prompt students to analyze moral arguments and examine their own assumptions about ethical dilemmas, and a handful of real-world “Cases for Analysis” accompanied by questions that further encourage critical reasoning. 

    New chapters; new topics

    The Fourth Edition has been updated to include a new chapter on drug use and personal liberty featuring readings by Thomas Szasz (“The Ethics of Addiction”), Peg O’Connor (“The Fallacy of the ‘Hijacked Brain’”), and James Q. Wilson (“Against the Legalization of Drugs”); a new chapter on equality and affirmative action with readings by Lisa H. Newton (“Reverse Discrimination as Unjustified”), Louis Pojman (“The Case Against Affirmative Action”), Richard Wasserstrom (“Affirmative Action and Quotas”), and Tom L. Beauchamp (“In Defense of Affirmative Action”); and integration of the topic of pornography into the discussion of sexual morality, supported by popular essays by Wendy Kaminer (“Feminists Against the First Amendment”) and Susan J. Brison (“The Price We Pay?: Pornography and Harm”). 

    A new guide to discussing moral issues

    Doing Ethics now features a brief yet robust guide to writing and speaking—in class or in public—about moral issues. 

    Still the best value

    The Fourth Edition offers a rich selection of readings, a wide range of topics, clear explanations, and superior pedagogy at a price that makes Doing Ethics an unbeatable value for applied ethics courses. 

      Preface

       
      Part 1: Fundamentals

       

      Chapter 1: Ethics and the Examined Life
      The Ethical Landscape
      The Elements of Ethics
          The Preeminence of Reason
          QUICK REVIEW
          The Universal Perspective
          The Principle of Impartiality
          The Dominance of Moral Norms
      Religion and Morality
          Believers Need Moral Reasoning
          When Conflicts Arise, Ethics Steps In
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—ETHICS, RELIGION, AND TOUGH MORAL ISSUES
          Moral Philosophy Enables Productive Discourse
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions
      READINGS
      What Is the Socratic Method? by Christopher Phillips
      The Euthyphro by Plato

      Chapter 2: Subjectivism, Relativism, and Emotivism
      Subjective Relativism
          QUICK REVIEW
          JUDGE NOT?
      Cultural Relativism
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—“FEMALE CIRCUMCISION” AND CULTURAL RELATIVISM
      Emotivism
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions
      READINGS
      Anthropology and the Abnormal by Ruth Benedict
      Trying Out One’s New Sword by Mary Midgley

      Part 2: Moral Reasoning

       

      Chapter 3: Evaluating Moral Arguments
      Claims and Arguments
      Arguments Good and Bad
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—THE MORALITY OF CRITICAL THINKING
      Implied Premises
          QUICK REVIEW
      Deconstructing Arguments
      Moral Statements and Arguments
      Testing Moral Premises
      Assessing Nonmoral Premises
          QUICK REVIEW
      Avoiding Bad Arguments
          Begging the Question
          Equivocation
          Appeal to Authority
          APPEAL TO EMOTION
          Slippery Slope
          Faulty Analogy
          Appeal to Ignorance
          Straw Man
          Appeal to the Person
          Hasty Generalization
          QUICK REVIEW
      Writing and Speaking about Moral issues
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions/Argument Exercises

      Part 3: Theories of Morality

       

      Chapter 4: The Power of Moral Theories
      Theories of Right and Wrong
          MORAL THEORIES VERSUS MORAL CODES
      Major Theories
          Consequentialist Theories
          Nonconsequentialist Theories
          QUICK REVIEW
      Evaluating Theories
          Criterion 1: Consistency with Considered Judgments
          CONSIDERED MORAL JUDGMENTS
          Criterion 2: Consistency with Our Moral Experiences
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—A 100 PERCENT ALL-NATURAL THEORY
          Criterion 3: Usefulness in Moral Problem Solving
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions

      Chapter 5: Consequentialist Theories: Maximize the Good
      Ethical Egoism
          Applying the Theory
          Evaluating the Theory
          CAN ETHICAL EGOISM BE ADVOCATED?
          QUICK REVIEW
      Utilitarianism
      Applying the Theory
          PETER SINGER, UTILITARIAN
          QUICK REVIEW
          Evaluating the Theory
      Learning from Utilitarianism
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—CROSS-SPECIES TRANSPLANTS: WHAT WOULD A UTILITARIAN DO?
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions
      READING
      Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill

      Chapter 6: Nonconsequentialist Theories: Do Your Duty
      Kant’s Ethics
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—SIZING UP THE GOLDEN RULE
          Applying the Theory
          Evaluating the Theory
          THE KANTIAN VIEW OF PUNISHMENT
      Learning from Kant’s Theory
      Natural Law Theory
          Applying the Theory
          QUICK REVIEW
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—DOUBLE EFFECT AND THE “TROLLEY PROBLEM”
          Evaluating the Theory
      Learning from Natural Law
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions
      READINGS
      Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals by Immanuel Kant
      Summa Theologica by St. Thomas Aquinas

      Chapter 7 Virtue Ethics: Be a Good Person
      The Ethics of Virtue
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—LEARNING VIRTUES IN THE CLASSROOM
          Virtue in Action
          Evaluating Virtue Ethics
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—WARRIOR VIRTUES AND MORAL DISAGREEMENTS
      The Ethics of Care
          QUICK REVIEW
      Learning from Virtue Ethics
          FEMINIST ETHICS
      Summary
      Exercises: Review Questions/Discussion Questions
      READINGS
      Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle
      The Need for More Than Justice by Annette C. Baier

      Part 4: Ethical Issues

       

      Chapter 8: Abortion
      Issue File: Background
          ABORTION IN THE UNITED STATES: FACTS AND FIGURES
          MAJORITY OPINION IN ROE V. WADE
      Moral Theories
          ABORTION AND THE SCRIPTURES
          QUICK REVIEW
      Moral Arguments
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—LATE-TERM ABORTIONS
      Summary
      READINGS
      A Defense of Abortion by Judith Jarvis Thomson
      On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion by Mary Anne Warren
      Why Abortion Is Immoral by Don Marquis
      Virtue Theory and Abortion by Rosalind Hursthouse
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 9: Altering Genes and Cloning Humans
      Issue File: Background
          GENE THERAPY: SOME RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—LONGER LIFE THROUGH GENE THERAPY?
      Moral Arguments
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      Genetic Enhancement by Walter Glannon
      Is Gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics? by John Harris
      The Wisdom of Repugnance by Leon R. Kass
      Cloning Human Beings: An Assessment of the Ethical Issues Pro and Con by Dan W. Brock
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 10: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
          THE DEATH OF KAREN ANN QUINLAN
      Issue File: Background
          LANDMARK COURT RULINGS
          QUICK REVIEW
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—DR. KEVORKIAN AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE
      Moral Arguments
          PUBLIC OPINION AND EUTHANASIA
      Summary
      READINGS
      Active and Passive Euthanasia by James Rachels
      The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia by J. Gay-Williams
      Voluntary Active Euthanasia by Dan W. Brock
      Euthanasia by Philippa Foot
      Killing and Allowing to Die by Daniel Callahan
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 11: Capital Punishment

      Issue File: Background
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—MEDICATED FOR THE DEATH PENALTY
          QUICK REVIEW
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—BOTCHED EXECUTIONS
      Moral Arguments
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—DIFFERENT CASES, SAME PUNISHMENT
      Summary
      READINGS
      The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense by Ernest van den Haag
      Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty: Answering van den Haag by Jeffrey H.
      Reiman
      Against the Death Penalty: The Minimal Invasion Argument by Hugo Adam Bedau
      In Defense of the Death Penalty by Louis P. Pojman
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 12: Drug Use, Harm, and Personal Liberty
      Issue File: Background
          DIVERSE VIEWS IN THE UNITED STATES ON USING MARIJUANA
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—DOES LEGALIZING MEDICAL MARIJUANA ENCOURAGE USE AMONG TEENAGERS?
      Moral Arguments
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      The Ethics of Addiction by Thomas Szasz
      The Fallacy of the “Hijacked Brain” by Peg O’Connor
      Against the Legalization of Drugs by James Q. Wilson
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 13: Sexual Morality
      Issue File: Background
          VITAL STATS: SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
      Moral Theories
      Moral Arguments
          VITAL STATS: SEX AND RELATIONSHIPS
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      Plain Sex by Alan H. Goldman
      Sexual Morality by Roger Scruton
      Sexual Perversion by Thomas Nagel
      Feminists against the First Amendment by Wendy Kaminer
      “The Price We Pay”?: Pornography and Harm by Susan J. Brison
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 14: Same-Sex Marriage
      Issue File: Background
      Moral Theories
          OPINION POLLS: SAME-SEX MARRIAGE
          VITAL STATS: GAYS, LESBIANS, AND SAME-SEX COUPLES
      Moral Arguments
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      On Gay Rights by Richard D. Mohr
      What Marriage Is For: Children Need Mothers and Fathers by Maggie Gallagher
      Here Comes the Groom: A (Conservative) Case for Gay Marriage by Andrew Sullivan
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 15: Environmental Ethics
      Issue File: Background
          SOME MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
      Moral Theories
          QUICK REVIEW
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—SHOULD PANDAS PAY THE PRICE?
      Moral Arguments
      Summary
      READINGS
      People or Penguins by William F. Baxter
      The Ethics of Respect for Nature by Paul W. Taylor
      Are All Species Equal? by David Schmidtz
      The Land Ethic by Aldo Leopold
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 16: Animal Rights
      Issue File: Background
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—SHOULD WE ABOLISH DOG RACING?
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—SHOULD WE EXPERIMENT ON ORPHANED BABIES?
          QUICK REVIEW
      Moral Arguments
      Summary
      READINGS
      All Animals Are Equal by Peter Singer
      The Case for Animal Rights by Tom Regan
      Difficulties with the Strong Rights Position by Mary Anne Warren
      Speciesism and the Idea of Equality by Bonnie Steinbock
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 17: Political Violence: War, Terrorism, and Torture
      Issue File: Background
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—PREEMPTIVE WAR ON IRAQ
          CRITICAL THOUGHT—TERRORISTS OR FREEDOM FIGHTERS?
      Moral Theories
      Moral Arguments
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theorists by James P. Sterba
      Against “Realism” by Michael Walzer
      Can Terrorism Be Morally Justified? by Stephen Nathanson
      The Case for Torturing the Ticking Bomb Terrorist by Alan M. Dershowitz
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 18: Equality and Affirmative Action
      Issue File: Background
          CRITICAL THOUGHT: ARE LEGACIES RACIST?
      Moral Theories
          CRITICAL THOUGHT: ARE WHITES-ONLY SCHOLARSHIPS UNJUST?
          QUICK REVIEW
      Moral Arguments
      Summary
      READINGS
      Reverse Discrimination as Unjustified by Lisa H. Newton
      The Case against Affirmative Action by Louis P. Pojman
      Affirmative Action and Quotas by Richard A. Wasserstrom
      In Defense of Affirmative Action by Tom L. Beauchamp
      Cases for Analysis

      Chapter 19: Global Economic Justice
      Issue File: Background
      Moral Theories
          VITAL STATS: THE PLANET’S POOR AND HUNGRY
      Moral Arguments
          QUICK REVIEW
      Summary
      READINGS
      On Justice by John Rawls
      The Entitlement Theory of Justice by Robert Nozick
      Famine, Affluence, and Morality by Peter Singer
      Lifeboat Ethics by Garrett Hardin
      Cases for Analysis

      Writing and Speaking About Moral Issues
      Glossary
      Further Reading
      Answers to Argument Exercises
      Index