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  • Paperback
  • Bookstore's Wholesale Price: $22.00
  • March 2002
  • ISBN: 978-0-393-97496-6
  • 976 pages
  • Territory Rights: Worldwide

Leaves of Grass and Other Writings

Norton Critical Editions


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Walt Whitman (Author), Michael Moon (Editor, John Hopkins University)


This revised Norton Critical Edition contains the most complete and authoritative collection of Whitman's work available in a paperback student edition. The text of Leaves of Grass is again that of the indispensable "Reader's Comprehensive Edition," edited by Sculley Bradley and Harold W. Blodgett, which is accompanied by revised and expanded explanatory annotations. New to this edition is the full text of the celebrated 1855 first edition of Leaves of Grass, as well as generous excerpts from Whitman's two prose masterpieces, Democratic Vistas and Specimen Days.

Following the texts is an album of portraits of Whitman, as well as "Whitman on His Art," a collection of Whitman's statements about his role as a poet taken from his notebooks, letters, conversations, and newspaper articles.

While continuing to provide leading commentary on Whitman by major twentieth-century poets and critics, among them D. H. Lawrence, William Carlos Williams, and Randall Jarrell, this revised edition adds important commentary by Whitman contemporaries Henry David Thoreau, Fanny Fern, Henry James, and Oscar Wilde, among others. An entirely new section of recent criticism includes six essays--by David S. Reynolds, Karen Sanchez-Eppler, John Irwin, Allen Grossman, Betsy Erkkila, and Michael Moon--that reflect both the continuing historicist mainstream of Whitman literary interpretation and influential recent work in gender and sexuality studies.

The volume also includes a Chronology, a Selected Bibliography, and an Index of Titles.





    The Text of Leaves of Grass, 1891-1892

    Epigraph: Come, said my Soul


    1. One’s-Self I Sing
    2. As I Ponder’d in Silence
    3. In Cabin’d Ships at Sea
    4. To Foreign Lands
    5. To a Historian
    6. To Thee Old Cause
    7. Eidolons
    8. For Him I Sing
    9. When I Read the Book
    10. Beginning My Studies
    11. Beginners
    12. To the States
    13. On Journeys through the States
    14. To a Certain Cantatrice
    15. Me Imperturbe
    16. Savantism
    17. The Ship Starting
    18. I Hear America Singing
    19. What Place Is Besieged?
    20. Still Though the One I Sing
    21. Shut Not Your Doors
    22. Poets to Come
    23. To You
    24. Thou Reader
    25. Starting from Paumanok
    26. Song of Myself

    Children of Adam

    1. To the Garden the World
    2. From Pent-up Aching Rivers
    3. I Sing the Body Electric
    4. A Woman Waits for Me
    5. Spontaneous Me
    6. One Hour to Madness and Joy
    7. Out of the Rolling Ocean the Crowd
    8. Ages and Ages Returning at Intervals
    9. We Two, How Long We Were Fool’d
    10. O Hymen! O Hymenee!
    11. I Am He That Aches with Love
    12. Native Moments
    13. Once I Pass’d through a Populous City
    14. I Heard You Solemn-Sweet Pipes of the Organ
    15. Facing West from California’s Shores
    16. As Adam Early in the Morning


    1. In Paths Untrodden
    2. Scented Herbage of My Breast
    3. Whoever You Are Holding Me Now in Hand
    4. For You O Democracy
    5. These I Singing in Spring
    6. Not Heaving from my Ribb’d Breast Only
    7. Of the Terrible Doubt of Appearances
    8. The Base of All Metaphysics
    9. Recorders Ages Hence
    10. When I Heard at the Close of the Day
    11. Are You the New Person Drawn toward Me?
    12. Roots and Leaves Themselves Alone
    13. Not Heat Flames Up and Consumes
    14. Trickle Drops
    15. City of Orgies
    16. Behold This Swarthy Face
    17. I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing
    18. To a Stranger
    19. This Moment Yearning and Thoughtful
    20. I Hear It Was Charged against Me
    21. The Prairie-Grass Dividing
    22. When I Peruse the Conquer’d Fame
    23. We Two Boys Together Clinging
    24. A Promise to California
    25. Here the Frailest Leaves of Me
    26. No Labor-Saving Machine
    27. A Glimpse
    28. A Leaf for Hand in Hand
    29. Earth, My Likeness
    30. I Dreamed in a Dream
    31. What Think You I Take My Pen in Hand?
    32. To the East and to the West
    33. Sometimes with One I Love
    34. To a Western Boy
    35. Fast Anchor’d Eternal O Love!
    36. Among the Multitude
    37. O You Whom I Often and Silently Come
    38. That Shadow
    39. My Likeness
    40. Full of Life
    41. Now Salut au Monde!
    42. Song of the Open Road
    43. Crossing Brooklyn
    44. Ferry Song of the Answerer
    45. Our Old Feuillage
    46. A Song of Joys
    47. Song of the Broad-Axe
    48. Song of the Exposition
    49. Song of the Redwood-Tree
    50. A Song for Occupations
    51. A Song of the Rolling Earth
    52. Youth, Day, Old Age and Night

    Birds of Passage

    1. Song of the Universal Pioneers!
    2. O Pioneers!
    3. To You France
    4. Myself and Mine
    5. Year of Meteors
    6. With Antecedents
    7. A Broadway Pageant


    1. Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking
    2. As I Ebb’d with the Ocean of Life
    3. Tears
    4. To the Man-of-War-Bird
    5. Aboard at a Ship’s Helm
    6. On the Beach at Night
    7. The World Below the Brine
    8. On the Beach at Night Alone
    9. Song for All Seas, All Ships
    10. Patroling Barnegat
    11. After the Sea-Ship

    By the Roadside

    1. A Boston Ballad
    2. Europe
    3. A Hand-Mirror
    4. Gods Germs
    5. Thoughts [Of ownership]
    6. When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer
    7. Perfections
    8. O Me! O Life!
    9. To a President
    10. I Sit and Look Out
    11. To Rich Givers
    12. The Dalliance of the Eagles
    13. Roaming in Thought
    14. A Farm Picture
    15. A Child’s Amaze
    16. The Runner
    17. Beautiful Women
    18. Mother and Babe
    19. Thought [Of obedience, faith, adhesiveness]
    20. Visor’d
    21. Thought [Of Justice]
    22. Gliding o’er All
    23. Hast Never Come to Thee an Hour
    24. Thought [Of Equality]
    25. To Old Age
    26. Locations and Times
    27. Offerings
    28. To the States: To Identify the 16th, 17th, or 18th Presidentiad


    1. First O Songs for a Prelude
    2. Eighteen Sixty-One
    3. Beat! Beat! Drums!
    4. From Paumanok Starting I Fly Like a Bird
    5. Song of the Banner at Daybreak
    6. Rise O Days from Your Fathomless Deeps
    7. Virginia-The West
    8. City of Ships
    9. The Centenarian’s Story
    10. Cavalry Crossing a Ford
    11. Bivouac on a Mountain Side
    12. An Army Corps on the March
    13. By the Bivouac’s Fitful Flame
    14. Come Up from the Fields Father
    15. Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night
    16. A March in the Hanks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown
    17. A Sight in Camp in the Daybreak Gray and Dim
    18. As Toilsome I Wander’d Virginia’s Woods
    19. Not the Pilot
    20. Year That Trembled and Reel’d Beneath Me
    21. The Wound-Dresser
    22. Long, Too Long America
    23. Give Me the Splendid Silent Sun
    24. Dirge for Two Veterans
    25. Over the Carnage Hose Prophetic a Voice
    26. I Saw Old General at Bay
    27. The Artilleryman’s Vision
    28. Ethiopia Saluting the Colors
    29. Not Youth Pertains to Me
    30. Race of Veterans
    31. World Take Good Notice
    32. O Tan-Faced Prairie-Boy
    33. Look Down Fair Moon
    34. Reconciliation
    35. How Solemn as One by One
    36. As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado
    37. Delicate Cluster
    38. To a Certain Civilian
    39. Lo, Victress on the Peaks
    40. Spirit Whose Work Is Done
    41. Adieu to a Soldier
    42. Turn O Libertad
    43. To the Leaven’d Soil They Trod

    Memories of President Lincoln

    1. When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d
    2. O Captain! My Captain!
    3. Hush’d Be the Camps To-day
    4. This Dust Was Once the Man
    5. By Blue Ontario’s Shore
    6. Reversals

    Autumn Rivulets

    1. As Consequent, Etc.
    2. The Return of the Heroes
    3. There Was a Child Went Forth
    4. Old Ireland
    5. The City Dead-House
    6. This Compost
    7. To a Foil’d European Revolutionaire
    8. Unnamed Lands
    9. Song of Prudence
    10. The Singer in the Prison
    11. Warble for Lilac-Time
    12. Outlines for a Tomb
    13. Out from behind This Mask
    14. Vocalism
    15. To Him That Was Crucified
    16. You Felons on Trial in Courts
    17. Laws for Creations
    18. To a Common Prostitute
    19. I Was Looking a Long While
    20. Thought [Of persons arrived at high positions]
    21. Miracles
    22. Sparkles from the Wheel
    23. To a Pupil
    24. Unfolded Out of the Folds
    25. What Am I After All
    26. Kosmos
    27. Others May Praise What They Like
    28. Who Learns My Lesson Complete?
    29. Tests
    30. The Torch
    31. O Star of France
    32. The Ox-Tamer
    33. An Old Man’s Thought of School
    34. Wandering at Morn
    35. Italian Music in Dakota
    36. With All Thy Gifts
    37. My Picture-Gallery
    38. The Prairie States
    39. Proud Music of the Storm
    40. Passage to India
    41. Prayer of Columbus
    42. The Sleepers
    43. Transpositions
    44. To Think of Time

    Whispers of Heavenly Death

    1. Darest Thou Now O Soul
    2. Whispers of Heavenly Death
    3. Chanting the Square Deific
    4. Of Him I Love Day and Night
    5. Yet, Yet, Ye Downcast Hours
    6. As If a Phantom Caress’d Me
    7. Assurances
    8. Quicksand Years
    9. That Music Always Round Me
    10. What Ship Puzzled at Sea
    11. A Noiseless Patient Spider
    12. O Living Always, Always Dying
    13. To One Shortly to Die
    14. Night on the Prairies
    15. Thought [As I sit with others at a great feast]
    16. The Last Invocation
    17. As I Watch’d the Ploughman Ploughing
    18. Pensive and Faltering
    19. Thou Mother with Thy Equal Brood
    20. A Paumanok Picture

    From Noon to Starry Night

    1. Thou Orb Aloft Full-Dazzling
    2. Faces
    3. The Mystic Trumpeter
    4. To a Locomotive in Winter
    5. O Magnet-South
    6. Mannahattan
    7. All is Truth
    8. A Riddle Song
    9. Excelsior
    10. Ah Poverties, Wincings, and Sulky Retreats
    11. Thoughts [Of public opinion]
    12. Mediums
    13. Weave in, My Hardy Life
    14. Spain, 1873-74
    15. By Broad Potomac’s Shore
    16. From Far Dakota’s Canons
    17. Old War-Dreams
    18. Thick-Sprinkled Bunting
    19. What Best I See in Thee
    20. Spirit That Form’d This Scene
    21. As I Walk These Broad Majestic Days
    22. A Clear Midnight

    Songs of Parting

    1. As the Time Draws Nigh
    2. Years of the Modern
    3. Ashes of Soldiers
    4. Thoughts [Of these years I sing]
    5. Song at Sunset
    6. As at Thy Portals Also Death
    7. My Legacy
    8. Pensive on Her Dead Gazing
    9. Camps of Green
    10. The Sobbing of the Bells
    11. As They Draw to a Close
    12. Joy, Shipmate, Joy!
    13. The Untold Want
    14. Portals
    15. These Carols
    16. Now Finale to the Shore
    17. So Long!

    First Annex: Sands at Seventy

    1. Mannahatta
    2. Paumanok
    3. From Montauk Point
    4. To Those Who’ve Fail’d
    5. A Carol Closing Sixty-nine
    6. The Bravest Soldiers
    7. A Font of Type
    8. As I Sit Writing Here
    9. My Canary Bird
    10. Queries to My Seventieth Year
    11. The Wallabout Martyrs
    12. The First Dandelion
    13. America
    14. Memories
    15. To-day and Thee
    16. After the Dazzle of Day
    17. Abraham Lincoln, Born Feb. 12, 1809
    18. Out of May’s Shows Selected
    19. Halcyon Days
    20. Fancies at Navesink
      1. The Pilot in the Mist
      2. Had I the Choice
      3. You Tides with Ceaseless Swell
      4. Last of Ebb, and Daylight Waning
      5. And Yet Not You Alone
      6. Proudly the Flood Comes In
      7. By That Long Scan of Waves
      8. Then Last of All
    21. Election Day, November, 1884
    22. With Husky-Haughty Lips, O Sea!
    23. Death of General Grant
    24. Red Jacket (from Aloft]
    25. Washington’s Monument, February, 1885
    26. Of That Blithe Throat of Thine
    27. Broadway
    28. To Get the Final Lilt of Songs
    29. Old Salt Kossabone
    30. The Dead Tenor
    31. Continuities
    32. Yonnondio
    33. Life
    34. “Going Somewhere”
    35. Small the Theme of My Chant
    36. True Conquerors
    37. The United States to Old World Critics
    38. The Calming Thought of All
    39. Thanks in Old Age
    40. Life and Death
    41. The Voice of the Rain
    42. Soon Shall the Winter’s Foil Be Here
    43. While Not the Past Forgetting
    44. The Dying Veteran
    45. Stronger Lessons
    46. A Prairie Sunset
    47. Twenty Years
    48. Orange Buds by Mail from Florida
    49. Twilight
    50. You Lingering Sparse Leaves of Me
    51. Not Meagre, Latent Boughs Alone
    52. The Dead Emperor
    53. As the Greek’s Signal Flame
    54. The Dismantled Ship
    55. Now Precedent Songs, Farewell
    56. An Evening Lull
    57. Old Age’s Lambent Peaks
    58. After the Supper and Talk

    Second Annex: Good-bye my Fancy

    1. Preface Note to 2d Annex
    2. Sail Out for Good, Eidolon Yacht!
    3. Lingering Last Drops
    4. Good-Bye My Fancy
    5. On, on the Same, Ye Jocund Twain!
    6. My 71st Year
    7. Apparitions
    8. The Pallid Wreath
    9. An Ended Day
    10. Old Age’s Ship & Crafty Death’s
    11. To the Pending Year
    12. Shakspere-Bacon’s Cipher
    13. Long, Long Hence
    14. Bravo, Paris Exposition!
    15. Interpolation Sounds
    16. To the Sun-Set Breeze
    17. Old Chants
    18. A Christmas Greeting
    19. Sounds of the Winter
    20. A Twilight Song
    21. When the Full-grown Poet Came
    22. Osceola
    23. A Voice from Death
    24. A Persian Lesson
    25. The Commonplace
    26. “The Rounded Catalogue Divine Complete”
    27. Mirages
    28. L. of G.’s Purport
    29. The Unexpress’d
    30. Grand Is the Seen
    31. Unseen Buds
    32. Good-Bye My Fancy!

    A Backward Glance O’er Travel’d Roads and Prefatory Letter

    1. Prefatory Letter to the Reader, Leaves of Grass 1889
    2. A Backward Glance O’er Travel’d Roads

    Old Age Echoes

    1. An Executor’s Diary Note, 1891
    2. To Soar in Freedom and in Fullness of Power
    3. Then Shall Perceive
    4. The Few Drops Known
    5. One Thought Ever at the Fore
    6. While Behind All Firm and Erect
    7. A Kiss to the Bride
    8. Nay, Tell Me Not To-day the Publish’d Shame
    9. Supplement Hours
    10. Of Many a Smutch’d Deed Reminiscent
    11. To Be at All
    12. Death’s Valley
    13. On the Same Picture
    14. A Thought of Columbus

    An Album of Whitman Portraits

    Other Poetry and Prose

    Note on the Texts

    Poems Excluded from Leaves of Grass

    1. Great Are the Myths
    2. Poem of Remembrances for a Girl or a Boy of These States
    3. Think of the Soul
    4. Respondez!
    5. [In the New Garden]
    6. [Who Is Now Reading This?]
    7. [Long I Thought That Knowledge Alone Would Suffice]
    8. [Hours Continuing Long]
    9. (So Far, and So Far, and On Toward the End]
    10. Thoughts- 1: Visages
    11. Leaflets
    12. Thoughts-6: “Of What I Write”
    13. Says
    14. Apostroph
    15. O Sun of Real Peace
    16. To You
    17. Now Lift Me Close
    18. To the Reader at Parting
    19. Debris
    20. [States!]
    21. Thoughts-2: “Of Waters, Forests, Hills”
    22. Thoughts-4: “Of Ownership ...”
    23. Bathed in War’s Perfume
    24. Solid, Ironical, Rolling Orb
    25. Up, Lurid Stars!
    26. Not My Enemies Ever Invade Me
    27. This Day, O Soul
    28. When I Read the Book
    29. Lessons
    30. Ashes of Soldiers: Epigraph
    31. One Song, America, Before I Go
    32. Souvenirs of Democracy
    33. From My Last Years
    34. In Former Songs
    35. The Beauty of the Ship
    36. After an Interval
    37. Two Rivulets
    38. Or from That Sea of Time
    39. As in a Swoon
    40. [Last Droplets]
    41. Ship Ahoy!
    42. For Queen Victoria’s Birthday
    43. L of G
    44. After the Argument
    45. For Us Two, Reader Dear

    Passages Excluded from Leaves of Grass Poems

    1. [The Writer of Melodious Verses]
    2. [This Is the Breath for America]
    3. [Élèves I Salute You!]
    4. [Old Forever New Things]
    5. [The Teeming Mother of Mothers]
    6. [This Is Mastering Me]
    7. [O Hot-Cheek’d and Blushing]
    8. [Now Lucifer Was Not Dead]
    9. [Invocation: To Workmen and Workwomen]
    10. [Facts Showered Over with Light]
    11. [Language for America]
    12. [His Shape Arises]
    13. [A Thought of the Clef of Eternity]
    14. [What Do You Hear, Walt Whitman?]
    15. [You Dumb Beautiful Ministers]
    16. [Which Are My Miracles?]
    17. [You Who Celebrate Bygones!]
    18. [Creations for Strong Artists]
    19. [Readers to Come]
    20. [O Bitter Sprig!]
    21. [Nearing Departure]
    22. [Let None Be Content with Me]
    23. [Realities, the Visions of Poets]
    24. [Give Me the Clue ... the Word Final]
    25. [Orators Fit for America]
    26. [Epigraph: A Carol of Harvest]
    27. [With Additional Songs Every Spring]
    28. [Aroused and Angry]

    Uncollected Poems

    1. Pictures
    2. [Miscellaneous Fragments for “Pictures”]
    3. [All That We Are]
    4. [I Am the Poet]
    5. [O I Must Not Forget!]
    6. [Love Is the Cause of Causes]
    7. [I Last Winter]
    8. [I Cannot Be Awake]
    9. Light and Air!
    10. [Of Your Soul]
    11. [What the Sun]
    12. [Have You Supplied]
    13. [I Do Not Expect]
    14. Scantlings
    15. Poem of Existence
    16. [Until You Can Explain]
    17. [Remembrances]
    18. Thought
    19. To the Future
    20. To an Exclusive
    21. As of Forms
    22. [To This Continent]
    23. [The Divinest Blessings]
    24. Thought [Of recognition-]
    25. [What Would It Bring You]
    26. The Two Vaults
    27. Two Antique Records
    28. O Brood Continental
    29. Kentucky
    30. To the Prevailing Bards
    31. [The Long, Long Solemn Trenches]
    32. [There Rises in My Brain]
    33. Ship of Libertad
    34. After Certain Disastrous Campaigns
    35. Sights-The Army Corps, Encamped on the War Field
    36. Sonnet
    37. While the Schools and the Teachers Are Teaching
    38. [Two Elegies on Lincoln]
    39. April 1865
    40. beauty
    41. [Mask with Their Lids]
    42. Starry Union
    43. Hands Round
    44. Wood Odors

    Unpublished Poems

    1. A Soul Duet
    2. To the Poor
    3. Pictures
    4. Broadway, 1861
    5. [I Too Am Drawn]
    6. [I Have Lived]
    7. [I Stand and Look]
    8. Of My Poems
    9. My Own Poems
    10. Of the Democratic Party 58-59-60
    11. [To What You Said]
    12. [While Some I So Deeply Loved]
    13. Reminiscences 64
    14. [Disease and Death]
    15. Starry Union
    16. [What the Word of Power]
    17. Last Words
    18. [Glad the Jaunts for the Known]
    19. Champagne in Ice
    20. To the Soul
    21. [Two Little Buds]
    22. [Sunrise]

    Uncollected Manuscript Fragments

    1. [Sesostris]
    2. After Death
    3. [America]
    4. America to the Old World Bards
    5. [American Air]
    6. [War]
    7. [As Nature]
    8. We Are
    9. [As to You]
    10. [As We Are]
    11. ? Ashes of Roses
    12. The Body
    13. [Can ?]
    14. [Decoration Day]
    15. [Divine Is the Person]
    16. Ebb and Flood Tides
    17. [The Epos of a Life]
    18. [The Grappler]
    19. [Have I Refreshed]
    20. [Hear My Fife!]
    21. [I Have Appeared]
    22. [Immortality]
    23. [I Admire]
    24. [I Am a Look]
    25. [I Am a Student]
    26. [I Am Become]
    27. [I Am Not Content]
    28. [I Am That Halfgrown Angry Boy]
    29. [I Know Many Beautiful Things]
    30. [I Know That Amativeness]
    31. [I Shall Venerate]
    32. [I Subject All the Teachings]
    33. [In American Schools]
    34. [I’ll Trace This Garden]
    35. [It Were Easy to Be Rich]
    36. [Life, Light]
    37. [Living Bulbs]
    38. [Nor Humility’s Book]
    39. [O I See Now]
    40. [Osirus]
    41. [The Poet Is a Recruiter]
    42. [The Power by Which]
    43. [Prince of Wales]
    44. [A Procession Without Halt]
    45. [Remember If You Are Dying]
    46. [Sanity and Ensemble]
    47. [Shall We Sky-lark]
    48. [Ships Sail upon the Waters]
    49. The Soul’s Procession
    50. [Spirituality, the Unknown]
    51. [That Is Profitable]
    52. [These Are the Caravan]
    53. Proem
    54. [Undulating, Swiftly Merging]
    55. [What, Think You]
    56. [Who Wills with His Own Brain]
    57. [Why Should I Subscribe]
    58. [Will You Have the Walls]
    59. [The Woman That Sells]
    60. [Poetic Lines in 1855- 56 Notebook]


    1. Preface 1855- Leaves of Grass, First Edition
    2. Prefatory Letter to Ralph Waldo Emerson-Leaves of Grass 1856
    3. Emerson to Whitman, 1855
    4. Whitman to Emerson, 1856
    5. Preface 1872- As a Strong Bird on Pinions Free
    6. Preface 1876- Leaves of Grass and Two Rivulets

    Leaves of Grass (1855 Text)

    Live Oak, with Moss

    From Democratic Vistas

    From Specimen Days

    Whitman on his Art

    Comments, 1855-1892

    A Whitman Manuscript


    Criticism 1855-1955

    1. [Walt Whitman], Leaves of Grass: A Volume of Poems Just Published
    2. Edward Everett Hale, Leaves of Grass: Brooklyn, 1855
    3. Fanny Fern, Fresh Fern Leaves: Leaves of Grass
    4. Henry David Thoreau, [Excerpts from two letters to H. G. O. Blake]
    5. Anne Gilchrist, An Englishwoman’s Estimate of Walt Whitman
    6. Oscar Wilde, The Gospel According to Walt Whitman
    7. William Dean Howells, [Whitman in Retrospect]
    8. Havelock Ellis, Whitman
    9. Henry Jame, [Review of Calamus]
    10. D. H. Lawrence, Whitman
    11. Randall Jarrell, Some Lines from Whitman
    12. William Carlos William, An Essay on Leaves of Grass

    Recent Criticism

    1. David S. Reynolds, To Heal a Nation
    2. Karen Sanchez-Eppler, To Stand Between: Walt Whitman’s Poetics of Merger and Embodiment
    3. Michael Moon, The Twenty-Ninth Bather: Identity, Fluidity, Gender, and Sexuality in Section II of “Song of Myself”
    4. John Irwin, Whitman: Hieroglyphic Bibles and Phallic Songs
    5. Allen Grossman, The Poetics of Union in Whitman and Lincoln: An Inquiry toward the Relationship of Art and Policy
    6. Betsy Erkkila, The Poetics of Reconstruction: Whitman the Political Poet after the Civil War

    Whitman: A Chronology

    Selected Bibliography

    Index of Titles and First Lines