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  1. Book ImageShip Fever: Stories

    Andrea Barrett

    1996 National Book Award Winner for Fiction.

Foreword

The short fictions of Ship Fever range throughout the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, exploring the love of science and the science of love. Science functions as both subject matter and metaphor in these tales, which often focus on assistants, amateurs, or on-lookers—what we might consider “minor characters” —rather than on the famous or successful. Although many of the characters, driven by an obsessive passion for their work, receive few external rewards, their lives are deepened and enriched by their contact with the mysteries of the natural world.

“After writing four novels in quick succession, I felt a longing to try something new—new voices, new approaches, new lengths and shapes,” Barrett says about the writing of her book. “Ship Fever grew from that longing, with the collection as a whole evolving from the stories themselves, rather than from any preconceived notion. Although the stories differ from much of my earlier work because of their focus on history, writing them felt like a natural extension—I’ve always relied on research to uncover other people’s lives and help me invent interesting situations. I knew as little, initially, about the Chinese doctors in The Middle Kingdom, or the elderly monk in The Forms of Water, as I did about these biologists.

“My background is a little unusual for a writer; as a young woman, very much influenced by growing up on Cape Cod and by my love of the ocean and the natural world, I decided to be a biologist. I majored in biology in college, but not until a very brief stay in a graduate zoology program did I understand that I wasn’t cut out to be a scientist. What I’d really wanted to be was a version of Darwin or Wallace; I wanted to see and describe and appreciate and name, not to analyze. Slowly I learned that those were the traits of a naturalist —a 19th-century profession. After I abandoned science, a brief but intense bout of studying history weaned me from the academic life for good; once more it was the stories of the field that captured me. I’m a slow learner, but at that point I finally turned to writing fiction. Still, science, particularly the history of science, never lost its fascination for me. I’m married to a scientist; many of my friends are scientists; for a while I edited medical and nursing books. And as I started writing these new stories I found myself driven back to the people and situations that had captivated me as a young woman.

“What was it like to be Linnaeus, naming plants and animals for the first time? Or Mendel, ignored and despised? Those scientists I’d once glimpsed briefly at a marine-biology station—what might go on in their interior lives? What about the women I knew who had gone on to be successful scientists? If I’d been a doctor with a scientific mind in the 1840s, and was confronted with an epidemic disease caused by unknown factors, what would I have done?

“Writing these tales, I felt as though I’d finally found a way to bring together science, history, and fiction—the three great, seemingly disparate, loves of my life. As if the long route I’d traveled in my writing, swinging wide through explorations of family life and contemporary love, China and a village lost to water, had led me back home after all.”

Discussion Questions

  1. In any story collection, the order of the stories is purposeful and meant to evoke certain connections and rhythms in the reader. How are the stories in Ship Fever arranged? How does that order influence your reading of the book as a whole?
  2. Scientists are often stereotyped as purely rational beings, working at something cerebral and abstract without being subject to human passions. Did you gain a different view of scientists from reading the book? How do you think ambition, vanity, loneliness, and desire shape the course of science?
  3. Why might Barrett have chosen to focus largely on characters who don’t (at least in worldly terms) succeed at their chosen endeavors? What is she saying about sticking with the values and people we love?
  4. The 19th-century geneticist Gregor Mendel plays a crucial role in “The Behavior of the Hawkweeds.” Why might Barrett have chosen to tell that story in the voice of a 20th-century woman only peripherally connected to Mendel and his work, rather than in the voice of Mendel himself, or of a scientist directly working with Mendel’s theories?
  5. From what point of view do we see Jonathan and Ruby in “The Littoral Zone”? Does the point of view create equal sympathy for both characters? How do the children in the story feel about their parents’ choices?
  6. Sarah Anne, in “Rare Bird,” is a woman who would likely have a career in science if she lived now. What does this story say about the ways roles for women in traditionally male pursuits have—and haven’t —changed since then?
  7. What purpose is served by the intertwining of Zaga’s personal life, and the encounter of Darwin and Jemmy Button, in “Soroche”?
  8. How does the story of Jemmy Button illuminate aspects of Zaga’s experience that she, and we, might not otherwise grasp?
  9. In “Birds with No Feet” the off-stage character who influences most of the action is a real person, the famous evolutionary biologist Alfred Wallace. The central character, Alec Carriere, is a fictional creation, a shadow-version of Wallace with Wallace’s desires and ambitions and perhaps even talent, but without his good fortune. How is the story changed by focusing on Carriere rather than Wallace? How does Carriere come to view the course of his life, which has been driven by his obsessions?
  10. The plural first-person voice of “The Marburg Sisters” —the “we” that is sometimes both sisters, sometimes Bianca, sometimes Rose—is uncommon in fiction. Does this make the story difficult to read? What does it imply about the sisters’ intimacy and fused vision that couldn’t be conveyed by simple description?
  11. Why do you think Rose has been able to make a successful career for herself in science, while Bianca has given it up? What do you see each sister as gaining or losing by her choices?
  12. “Ship Fever” explores what happened to a large group of Irish men and women fleeing a famine in their own country and hoping to make a new life in Canada. Do you see any parallels between what happened to them, in 1847, and what happens to refugees arriving in the United States now?
  13. What initially drives Dr. Lauchlin Grant to the quarantine station on Grosse Isle? How does Lauchlin’s character grow and change over the course of “Ship Fever”? How do his contacts with Nora Kynd and the other Irish emigrants alter his view of the world?
  14. A romantic triangle—Lauchlin, Susannah, Arthur Adam—plays a role in “Ship Fever,” but it’s in the background. If the fate of the Irish emigrants is in the foreground, what is the function of the small, quiet love story? What might it mean when Lauchlin, ill near the end of the tale, confuses Nora and Susannah?
  15. Several sections of “Ship Fever” are devoted to the impressions of Annie Taggert, who works as a housemaid for the Rowleys. Since Annie has no obvious connection either to what’s going on at Grosse Isle, or to the personal relationships of the major characters, why do you think Barrett has given her this active role? What does Annie convey about the situation that we wouldn’t otherwise know?
  16. Although Nora can’t read at the beginning of “Ship Fever,” she brings with her from Ireland a knowledge of traditional medicine that proves to be useful, and possibly influences the course of the epidemic on the island. What do you think Barrett is trying to say about the intersection here of “professional” and “amateur” science? What does Nora take with her, when she leaves the island for her new life?
  17. What role do the various politicians, charity workers, and professional journalists (such as Arthur Adam Rowley) play in the fate of the Irish people caught first in the famine at home and then in the epidemic at Grosse Isle? What role do they play now, in similar situations?

About Andrea Barrett

Andrea Barrett is the author of The Air We Breathe, Servants of the Map (finalist for the Pulitzer Prize), The Voyage of the Narwhal, Ship Fever (winner of the National Book Award), and other books. She teaches at Williams College and lives in northwestern Massachusetts.

Books by Andrea Barrett

  1. Book CoverThe Air We Breathe: A Novel

    "An evocative panorama of America...on the cusp of enormous change" (Newsday) by the National Book Award-winning author of Ship Fever.More

  2. Book CoverArchangel: Fiction

    "[Andrea Barrett's] work stands out for its sheer intelligence…The overall effect is quietly dazzling."—New York Times Book ReviewMore

  3. Book CoverServants of the Map: Stories

    "Luminous....Each [story] is rich and independent and beautiful and should draw Barrett many new admirers."—Publishers Weekly, starred reviewMore