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Fifth Edition
Paperback
$41.25
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Book Details

  • Paperback
  • December 2011
  • ISBN 978-0-393-91294-4
  • 7.4 × 9.3 in / 576 pages
  • Volume(s): 1 / Chapters 1-15
  • Territory Rights: USA and Dependencies, Philippines and Canada.

Related Books


Perspectives from the Past

Primary Sources in Western Civilizations: From the Ancient Near East through the Age of Absolutism

Fifth Edition

Paperback

Volume(s): 1 / Chapters 1-15

James M. Brophy (Author, University of Delaware), Joshua Cole (Author, University of Michigan), John Robertson (Author, Central Michigan University), Thomas Max Safley (Author, University of Pennsylvania), Carol Symes (Author, University of Illinois)

 

The best collection of longer primary sources now available in an affordable, compact format.

Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations offers a broad range of selections in varying degrees of length; with a total of 225 classic and contemporary primary sources. Selections are long, which gives students a chance to engage and understand each document, and the book includes two visual sources per chapter. The wealth of selections accommodates most any course curriculum, and the readings may be used on their own or in conjunction with a textbook.

    Volume 1: Chapters 1-15
    Volume 2: Chapters 11-28

    Note: Items in bold denote visual sources.

    CHAPTER 1

    THE ORIGINS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATIONS 

    • from Atrhasis: An Account of the Great Flood
    • from The Epic of Gilgamesh
    • Two Images of Sumerian Rulership (c. 2480 B.C.E.)
    • from The Code of Hammurabi
    • Letters of Royal Women of the Old Babylonian Period
    • from The Instructions of Ptah-hotep
    • from The Book of the Dead

     

    CHAPTER 2 

    PEOPLES, GODS, AND EMPIRES, 1700-500 B.C.E. 

    • Akhenaton’s Hymn to the Aton
    • A Letter from the Hittite Queen to Ramesses II
    • from The Book of I Kings: Solomon’s Construction of Yahweh’s Temple in Jerusalem
    • from The Annals of Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria
    • The Assyrian Attack on Lachish (701 B.C.E.)
    • Herodotus: from The Histories: Customs of the Persians
    • from The Torah: Laws
    • from The Book of Isaiah: Prophecies  

     

     CHAPTER 3

    THE CIVILIZATION OF GREECE, 1000-400 B.C.E.

    • Homer: from The Odyssey
    • Hesiod: from Works and Days
    • Spartan Society and Values
    • Hippocrates: from “On Airs, Waters, and Places”
    • Herodotus: from The Histories: The Second Persian Invasion of Greece
    • Thucydides: from The Peloponnesian Wars
    • Sophocles: from Antigone
    • Vase Depicting a Slave, Perhaps in a Scene from a Greek Play (c. 450 B.C.E.)
    • Plato: from “Apology”

     

     CHAPTER 4

    THE GREEK WORLD EXPANDS, 400-150 B.C.E.

    • Plato: from The Republic
    • Aristotle: from Politics
    • Plutarch: from “Life of Alexander”
    • Hellenistic Architecture in the Near East (c. 175 C.E.)
    • Epicurus: Principal Doctrines
    • Epictetus: from The Manual: Stoicism 


     CHAPTER 5

    THE CIVILIZATION OF ANCIENT ROME

    • from The Twelve Tables
    • Plutarch: from Lives
    • Diodorus Siculus: from On Slavery in the Later Republic
    • Cicero: from On the Laws
    • Ovid: from The Loves
    • Tacitus: from Germania
    • A Mummy from the Time of the Roman Empire (100 C.E.)


     CHAPTER 6

    THE TRANSFORMATION OF ROME

    • The Teaching of Jesus According to the Gospel of Matthew
    • Martyrdom of Perpetua
    • Stilicho & his Family (395 C.E.)
    • St. Augustine: from City of God and Confessions
    • from The Theodosian Code: Christian Revisions of the Roman Legal Tradition
    • St. Benedict: from The Rule
    • Gregory of Tours: from History of the Franks

     

     CHAPTER 7

    ROME’S THREE HEIRS: 500-950

    • Mosaics of Justinian and Theodora, Church of San Vita, Ravenna (c. 500 C.E.)
    • Procopius: from Secret History
    • Muhammad: from The Qur’an
    • Mas‘udi: from The Meadows of Gold
    • Bede: from A History of the English Church and People
    • From The Anglo-Saxon Translation of the Book of Genesis
    • Anglo- Saxon Translation of Genesis
    • Einhard: from The Life of Charlemagne 

     

     CHAPTER 8

    THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE, 950-1100

    • Viking Runestones
    • Pope Gregory VII: Letter to Bishop Herman of Metz
    • The Charter of Liberties for St. Omer
    • Anna Comnena: from The Alexiad
    • from The Anonymous of Mainz: A Hebrew Account of the First Crusade
    • Ali ibn al-Athir:  An Arabic Account of the First Crusade
    • from the Song of Roland

     

     CHAPTER 9

    THE CONSOLIDATION OF EUROPE, 1100-1300

    • Heloise: Letter to Abelard
    • Hildegard of Bingen: Letter to the Clergy of Mainz
    • Ecclesia and Synagoga from the Cathedral of Strasbourg
    • The Magna Carta: The “Great Charter” of 1215
    • Thomas Aquinas: from The Summa Theologica
    • Dante Alighieri: from The Divine Comedy
    • Pope Boniface VIII: Papal Bull Unam Sanctam

     

     CHAPTER 10

    CRISIS, UNREST, AND OPPORTUNITY 1300-1500

    • The Triumph of Death (c. 1340)
    • Giovanni Boccaccio: from The Decameron
    • Geoffrey Chaucer: from The Canterbury Tales: The “Pardoner’s Tale”
    • Christine de Pisan: from The Book of the City of Ladies
    • from The Trial of Jeanne d’Arc
    • Jan Hus: from The Church

     

     CHAPTER 11

    CONQUEST, COMMERCE, AND COLONIZATION, 1300 –1600 

    • William of Rubruck: from On the Mongols
    • Ibn Battuta: from The Travels
    • Doukas: from Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks
    • Alvise da Mosto: Voyage to Africa
    • Christopher Columbus: Letter on His First Voyage
    • Conquest of Mexico, Florentine Codex (c. 1555)

     

     CHAPTER 12

    RENAISSANCE IDEALS AND REALITIES, C. 1350-1550

    • Leon Battista Alberti: from I Libri della Famiglia
    • Leonardo da Vinci: from The Notebooks
    • Drawing of a Woman’s Torso: Leonardo da Vinci
    • Baldesar Castiglione: from The Book of the Courtier
    • Portrait of Pope Leo X and Two Cardinals (1518): Raphael
    • Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: from “Oration on the Dignity of Man”
    • Niccolò Machiavelli: from The Prince
    • Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam: from Ten Colloquies
    • Sir Thomas More: from Utopia

     

     CHAPTER 13

    THE AGE OF DISSENT AND DIVISION, 1500-1600

    • Martin Luther: from The Large Catechism, 1530
    • The Holy Communion by the Protestants and Ride to Hell of the Catholics (date unknown): Lucas Cranach the Younger
    • Sebastian Lotzer: The Twelve Articles of the Peasants of Swabia
    • The Crucifixion (c. 1596-1600): El Greco
    • John Calvin: from Draft of Ecclesiastical Ordinances, September and October 1541
    • John Calvin: from Catechism of the Church of Geneva, Being a Form of Instruction for Children in the Doctrine of Christ, 1545
    • Saint Ignatius of Loyola: from The Spiritual Exercises
    • Saint Francis Xavier: from “Letter from India”
    • Saint Teresa of Ávila: from The Life of Teresa of Jesus
    • from Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent

     

     CHAPTER 14

    RELIGION, WARFARE, AND SOVEREIGNTY, 1540-1660

    • Giovanni Michiel: from A Venetian Ambassador’s Report on the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
    • Reginald Scot: from Discoverie of Witchcraft
    • The Plundering and Burning of a Village, a Hanging, and Peasants Avenge Themselves (1633): Jacques Callot
    • Hans Jakob Christoph von Grimmelshausen: from Simplicissimus
    • Michel Eyquem de Montaigne: from “Of Cannibals”
    • The “Armada Portrait” of Queen Elizabeth (c. 1588): George Gower
    • Hugo Grotius: from On the Law of War and Peace
    • from The Religious Peace of Augsburg

     

     CHAPTER 15

    ABSOLUTISM AND EMPIRE, 1660-1789

    • Jean Bodin: from On Sovereignty
    • Thomas Hobbes: from Leviathan
    • Coffee House Society
    • Siamesse Embassy to Louis XIV, in 1686 (1686): Nicolas II de Larmessin
    • John Locke: from Two Treatises on Government
    • Palace and Gardens of Versailles (1668): Pierre Patel
    • Adam Smith: from The Wealth of Nations
    • Catherine the Great: from Proposals for a New Code of Law
    • Daniel Defoe: from The Complete English Tradesman
    • from The Charter of the Dutch West India Company

     

     CHAPTER 16

    THE NEW SCIENCE OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY

    • Nicolaus Copernicus: from Six Books Concerning the Revolutions of the Heavenly Orbs
    • Galileo Galilei: from The Starry Messenger and The Assayer
    • On the Circulation of the Blood (1628): William Harvey
    • Francis Bacon: from The Great Instauration
    • Blaise Pascal: from Pensées
    • René Descartes: from Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy
    • Isaac Newton: from Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    • Detail from the Frontispiece of De Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543): Andreas Vesalius
    • John Locke: from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

     

     CHAPTER 17

    THE ENLIGHTENMENT

    • Abbé Guillaume-Thomas Raynal: from A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies
    • “Engravings of a Printshop”: Denis Diderot and Jean d’Alembert
    • Voltaire: from Letters Concerning the English Nation
    • David Hume: from A Treatise of Human Nature
    • Baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu: from The Spirit of Laws
    • Cesare, Marchese di Beccaria Bonesana: from An Essay on Crimes and Punishments
    • Jean-Jacques Rousseau: from The Social Contract
    • A Reading in the Salon of Mme Geoffrin (1755): Anicet Charles Gabriel Lemonnier
    • Immanuel Kant: “What is Enlightenment?”
    • Marquis de Condorcet: from Sketch for a Historical Picture on the Progress of the Human Mind
    • Olaudah Equiano: from The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African

     

     CHAPTER 18

    THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

    • Arthur Young: from Travels in France During the Years 1787, 1788, 1789
    • Thomas Jefferson: The Declaration of Independence
    • Abbé Emmanuel Sieyès: from What Is the Third Estate?
    • Third Estate of Dourdan: from Grievance Petitions
    • National Assembly: from Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    • Tennis Court Oath (1792)
    • National Convention: from Levée en Masse Edict
    • National Convention: from The Law of Suspects
    • Olympe de Gouges: from Declaration of the Rights of Woman
    • Al-Jabarti: from Chronicle of the French Occupation, 1798
    • from The Code Napoleon 

     

     CHAPTER 19

    THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND NINETEENTH-CENTURY SOCIETY

    • Adam Smith: from The Wealth of Nations
    • Thomas Malthus: from An Essay on the Principle of Population
    • Power Looms in a British Cotton Factory (1830)
    • Rules of a Factory in Berlin
    • Friedrich Engels from The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844
    • A View of Manchseter from Kerstal Moor, William Wyld, Manchester, England (1852)
    • Comte de Saint Simon: from “The Incoherence and Disorder of Industry”
    • Robert Owen: from A New View of Society
    • Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: from Manifesto of the Communist Party
    • Anonymous: An Address by a Journeyman Cotton Spinner
    • Anonymous: from The Life & History of Captain Swing, the Kent Rick Burner, Written by Himself
    • Francis Place: The People’s Charter and National Petition

     

     CHAPTER 20

    FROM RESTORATION TO REVOLUTION, 1815-1848

    • Mary Wollstonecraft: from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
    • Benjamin Constant: from The Principles of Politics
    • Alexis de Tocqueville: from Democracy in America
    • William Wilberforce: from An Appeal to the Religion, Justice, Humanity of the Inhabitants of the British Empire, in Behalf of the Negro Slaves in the West Indies
    • Satire of Liberal Reforms (1833)
    • W.  J. Fox: from Speech on Corn Laws
    • John Stuart Mill: from On Liberty
    • Pope Leo XIII: from Rerum Novarum
    • Samuel Smiles: from Thrift
    • Isabella Beeton: from Mrs. Beeton’s Book of Household Management
    • Elizabeth Poole Sanford: from Woman in Her Social and Domestic Character

     

     CHAPTER 21

    WHAT IS A NATION? TERRITORIES, STATES, AND CITIZENS, 1848-1871

    • Johann Gottfried Herder: from Reflections on the Philosophy of the History of Mankind
    • Johann Gottlieb Fichte: from Addresses to the German Nation
    • Simón Bolívar: from “The Jamaica Letter”
    • Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi (1826): Eugène Delacroix
    • Adam Mickiewicz: from The Books of the Polish Nation
    • Giuseppe Mazzini: from Duties of Man
    • Otto von Bismarck: from The Memoirs
    • Battle of Nations Monument in Leipzig (1913)
    • Ernest Renan: What Is a Nation?

     

     CHAPTER 22

    IMPERIALISM AND COLONIALISM, 1870-1914

    • Anonymous: from “An Inquiry into the Rights of the East India Company of Making War and Peace" (1772)
    • David Livingstone: from Cambridge Speech of 1857
    • Muhammed As-Saffar: from Travels of a Moroccan Scholar in France in 1845– 46
    • F.A. Steel and G. Gardiner: from The Complete Indian Housekeeper & Cook
    • Odalisque with Slave (1839): Jean August Dominique Ingres
    • Friedirch Fabri: from Does Germany Need Colonies?
    • Rudyard Kipling "The White Man's Burden"
    • “Lightening the White Man’s Burden” (1899)
    • Edmund D. Morel: from The Black Man's Burden
    • Vladimir Lenin: from Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism

     

     CHAPTER 23

    MODERN INDUSTRY AND MASS POLITICS, 1870-1914

    • Eduard Bernstein: from Evolutionary Socialism
    • Vladimir Lenin: from Our Programme
    • Clara Zetkin: from “Women’s Work and the Organization of Trade Unions”
    • Peter Kropotkin: from "Anarchism: its Philosophy and Ideal"
    • Georges Sorel: from Reflections on Violence
    • Édouard Drumont: from Jewish France
    • Emmeline Pankhurst: from Why We Are Militant
    • The Prevention of Hunger Strikes
    • Charles Darwin: from The Origin of Species
    • Man is But a Worm (1881)
    • Francis Galton: "Eugenics: its Definition, Scope and Aims"
    • Theodor Herzl: from The Jewish State
    • Friedrich Nietzsche: from The Genealogy of Morals
    • Sigmund Freud: from Five Lectures on Psychoanalysis

     

     CHAPTER 24

    THE FIRST WORLD WAR

    • The Trench Poets of the First World War
    • Rupert Brooke: "1914"
    • Wilfred Owen: "Dulce et décorum est"
    • Battle of Verdun (1916)
    • Press Reports from the Front
    • Ernst Jünger: from The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop on the Western Front
    • Vera Brittain: from Testament of Youth
    • From The Versailles Treaty
    • War Propaganda

     

     CHAPTER 25

    THE TURMOIL BETWEEN THE WARS

    • N.  N. Sukhanov: from The Russian Revolution 1917
    • Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soliders' Deputies: Order Number One, 1 March 1917
    • October (1927)
    • Alexandra Kollantai: from The Autobiography of a Sexually Emancipated Communist Woman
    • Daily Life under Stalin
    • Benito Mussolini: from “Born of a Need for Action”
    • Adolf Hilter: from Mein Kampf
    • Victor Klemperer: from I Will Bear Witness, 1933-1941: A Diary of the Nazi Years
    • George Orwell: from The Road to Wigan Pier
    • Sigmund Freud: from Civilization and Its Discontents

     

     CHAPTER 26

    THE SECOND WORLD WAR

    • The Atlantic Charter and Third World Nationalism
    • The Atlantic Charter
    • Ho Chi Minh's Speech Delivered In the First Days of the Resistance War in South Viet-Nam (November 1945).
    • Map of Einstazgruppen Massacres (1941-1942)
    • Primo Levi: Survival in Auschwitz
    • from Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals
    • Tadataka Kuribayashi: from A Child’s Experience: My Experience of the Atomic Bomb
    • from Charter of the United Nations
    • Aerial Bombardment

     

     CHAPTER 27

    THE COLD WAR WORLD: GLOBAL POLITICS, ECONOMIC RECOVERY, AND CULTURAL CHANGE

    • Winston Churchill: from "The Sinews of Peace"
    • Nikita Khrushchev: from “On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences”
    • French Students and Workers Unite in Protest
    • Student Uprising in Paris (May 1968)
    • Václav Havel: fromThe Power of the Powerless
    • Mikhail Gorbachev: from “On Restructuring the Party’s Personnel Policy”
    • Simone De Beauvoir: from The Second Sex

     

     CHAPTER 28

    A WORLD WITHOUT WALLS: GLOBALIZATION AND THE WEST

    • Mahatma Gandhi: from The Essential Writings
    • Gandhi at Spinning Wheel
    • Frantz Fanon: from The Wretched of the Earth
    • Mark Mazower:from Dark Continent:  Europe’s Twentieth Century
    • Nicolas Sarkozy: from Speech at the University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Senegal, July 26, 2007
    • Achille Mbembe:from“Nicholas Sarkozy’s Africa”
    • Olivier Roy:from Globalized Islam:  The Search for a New Ummah

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