How It Really Works
“The definitive critical introduction to American society, challenging readers to think about the disconnection between how things are supposed to be in theory versus how they really work in practice.” —Jeff Manza, New York University
In American Society: How It Really Works, Erik Olin Wright and Joel Rogers ask several crucial questions: What kind of society is American society? How does it really work? Why is it the way it is? In what ways does it need changing, and how can those changes be brought about?
They explore the implications of these questions by examining five key values that most Americans believe our society should realize: Freedom, Prosperity, Efficiency, Fairness, and Democracy. Wright and Rogers ask readers to evaluate to what degree contemporary American society realizes these values and suggest how Americans might solve some of the social problems that confront America today.
Endorsements & Reviews
“American Society: How It Really Works is sociology at its best, theoretically grounded, empirically based, and tightly argued. Wright and Rogers provide a unique introduction to the sociological perspective by focusing on four core American social values—efficiency, freedom, fairness, and democracy—and show the ways that American society does not measure up to its potential, give sociological reasons why this is the case, and use the sociological imagination to suggest possible futures for a more just and equitable society. The perfect book not only to introduce students to sociological analysis, but to engage them in the major issues of our time.” — Rhonda F. Levine, Colgate University
“There can be no better introduction to American society than one written by these two brilliant commentators.” — Michael Burawoy, University of California, Berkeley
“I used Wright and Rogers’s American Society for an introductory sociology course. The text provided an accessible entrance into the fundamentals of sociological analysis, from economic principles and social inequality to mass consumption to participatory democracy. The work is clearly theoretically informed, but the most impressive contribution lies in the wealth of empirical studies, statistics, tables, and figures provided throughout the text. My students were particularly drawn to the empirical evidence and the consistent reference to contemporary debates about social issues, such as health care and campaign financing. The authors’ suggestions for ways to reduce social inequality ignited class discussions about the limits and potential of social change at the personal and structural level. I would recommend this text for any introductory sociology course focused on alternative understandings of social inequality in American society.” — Robyn Autry, Wesleyan University
“Imagine a book about American social dynamics written by a pair of public intellectuals who are also eminent academics, aimed at beginners. Imagine a book that gives equal weight to facts and ideas, treating each with lucidity and grace. This is that book.” — David Smith, University of Kansas
Provocative critical analysis of America’s social institutions
Wright and Rogers provide a critical introduction to the sociological perspective that is grounded in theory and empirical data. In their analysis of the economic, social, and political institutions of the United States, they focus on four core American social values—efficiency, freedom, fairness, and democracy. Wright and Rogers show the ways that American society does not measure up to its potential, give sociological reasons why this is the case, and use the sociological imagination to suggest possible futures for a more just and equitable society. The authors divide the book into three parts: Capitalism, Equality, and Democracy. Within each part, they offer readers short chapters analyzing topics such as health care, the environment, ending poverty in the United States, militarism and empire, and corporate control of the media.
Written by two well-known sociologists who blend sociological analysis with practical strategies for reform
American Society: How It Really Works is the product of a long friendship and the shared values and concerns that animate it. American Society: How It Really Works originated as a course that Wright and Rogers developed jointly, which quickly became one of the most popular undergraduate sociology courses. Since no book covers the content that they teach in their course, they developed American Society: How It Really Works. The book reflects their different academic backgrounds, expertise, and practical experience.
Affordable and portable
With its handy design, short chapters, and low price, American Society: How It Really Works is the perfect book for the reading list of an introduction to sociology or social problems course, political sociology class, or a course on social inequality.
Chapter 1: Prologue: Perspectives and Values
Chapter 2: What Kind of Society Is American Society?
Efficiency and Freedom
Chapter 3: The Capitalist Market: How It Is Supposed to Work
Chapter 4: The Capitalist Market: How It Actually Works
Chapter 5: The Environment
Chapter 6: Transportation
Chapter 7: Consumerism
Chapter 8: Health Care
Chapter 9: High-Road Capitalism
Chapter 10: Thinking about Fairness and Inequality
Chapter 11: Class
Chapter 12: Persistent Poverty and Rising Inequality
Chapter 13: Ending Poverty in America
Chapter 14: Racial Inequality
Chapter 15: Gender Inequality
Chapter 16: Democracy: How It Works
Chapter 17: Elections and Voting
Chapter 18: Taxation and the Attack on the Affirmative State
Chapter 19: Corporate Control of the Media
Chapter 20: Militarism and Empire
Chapter 21: Labor Unions
Chapter 22: Democracy from Below
Chapter 23: Possible Futures