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The Norton Anthology of African American Literature

 

Book Contents | Audio CD Contents

    Bold selections are new to the Second Edition.

    Round bullets (•) indicate selections on the Audio Companion.

    Daggers (†) indicate complete works.

    The Vernacular Tradition

    SPIRITUALS

    1. City Called Heaven
    2. I Know Moon-Rise
    3. Ezekiel Saw de Wheel •
    4. I’m a-Rollin’
    5. Go Down, Moses •
    6. Been in the Storm So Long •
    7. Swing Low, Sweet Chariot
    8. Steal Away to Jesus •
    9. Didn’t My Lord Deliver Daniel?
    10. God’s a-Gonna Trouble the Water
    11. Walk Together Children
    12. Soon I Will Be Done •
    13. Come Sunday

    GOSPEL

    1. This Little Light of Mine •
    2. Down by the Riverside
    3. Freedom in the Air
    4. Take My Hand, Precious Lord •
    5. Peace Be Still
    6. Stand by Me

    THE BLUES

    1. Good Morning, Blues •
    2. Hellhound on My Trail
    3. C. C. Rider •
    4. Backwater Blues •
    5. Down-Hearted Blues
    6. Prove It on Me Blues
    7. Trouble in Mind
    8. How Long Blues
    9. Rock Me Baby •
    10. Yellow Dog Blues
    11. St. Louis Blues
    12. Beale Street Blues •
    13. The Hesitating Blues
    14. Goin’ to Chicago Blues
    15. Fine and Mellow
    16. Hoochie Coochie
    17. Sunnyland •
    18. My Handy Man •

    SECULAR RHYMES AND SONGS, BALLADS, WORK SONGS, AND SONGS OF SOCIAL CHANGE

    1. SECULAR RHYMES AND SONGS
      1. [We raise de wheat]
      2. Me and My Captain
      3. Promises of Freedom
      4. No More Auction Block
      5. Jack and Dinah Want Freedom
      6. Run, Nigger, Run
      7. Another Man Done Gone
      8. You May Go But This Will Bring You Back •
    2. BALLADS
      1. John Henry
      2. Frankie and Johnny
      3. Railroad Bill
      4. The Signifying Monkey
      5. Stackolee
      6. Sinking of the Titanic
      7. Shine and the Titanic
    3. WORK SONGS
      1. Pick a Bale of Cotton
      2. Go Down, Old Hannah
      3. Can’t You Line It?
    4. SONGS OF SOCIAL CHANGE
      1. Oh, Freedom
      2. Ain’t Gonna Let Nobody Turn Me ’Round
      3. Abel Meeropol: Strange Fruit •
      4. We Shall Overcome
      5. Langston Hughes: The Backlash Blues
      6. Nina Simone: Four Women •

    JAZZ

    1. Duke Ellington: It Don’t Mean a Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing) •
    2. Andy Razaf: (What Did I Do to Be So) Black and Blue •
    3. King Pleasure: Parker’s Mood •

    RHYTHM AND BLUES

    1. Sam Cooke: A Change Is Gonna Come
    2. Smokey Robinson: The Tracks of My Tears
    3. Martha Reeves and the Vandellas: Dancin’ in the Street •
    4. Otis Redding and Aretha Franklin: Respect
    5. Curtis Mayfield: We’re a Winner
    6. Marvin Gaye: What’s Goin’ On?
    7. Stevie Wonder: Living for the City

    HIP HOP

    1. Gil Scott-Heron: The Revolution Will Not Be Televised
    2. Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five: The Message •
    3. Public Enemy: Don’t Believe the Hype
    4. Queen Latifah: The Evil That Men Do
    5. Biggy Smalls—The Notorious B.I.G.: Things Done Changed
    6. Nas: N.Y. State of Mind
    7. Eric B. & Rakim: I Ain’t No Joke

    SERMONS

    1. God
    2. James Weldon Johnson: Listen Lord, A Prayer
    3. C. L. Franklin: The Eagle Stirreth Her Nest
    4. Howard Thurman: O God, I Need Thee
    5. G. I. Townsel: The Way Out Is to Pray Out •
    6. Martin Luther King Jr.
      1. I Have a Dream •
      2. I’ve Been to the Mountaintop
    7. Malcolm X: The Ballot or the Bullet •
    8. James Alexander Forbes Jr.: O God of Love, Power and Justice
    9. Bert Williams: Elder Eatmore’s Sermon on Generosity •

    FOLKTALES

    1. All God’s Chillen Had Wings
    2. Big Talk
    3. Deer Hunting Story
    4. How to Write a Letter
    5. “‘Member Youse a Nigger”
    6. “Ah’ll Beatcher Makin’ Money”
    7. Why the Sister in Black Works Hardest
    8. “De Reason Niggers Is Working So Hard”
    9. The Ventriloquist
    10. You Talk Too Much, Anyhow
    11. A Flying Fool
    12. Brer Rabbit Tricks Brer Fox Again
    13. The Wonderful Tar-Baby Story
    14. How Mr. Rabbit Was Too Sharp for Mr. Fox
    15. The Awful Fate of Mr. Wolf
    16. What the Rabbit Learned

    The Literature of Slavery and Freedom, 1746–1865

    JUPITER HAMMON (1711–1790/1806)

    1. An Evening Thought
    2. An Address to Miss Phillis Wheatly

    VENTURE SMITH (1729?–1805) †

    1. A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture, A Native of Africa: But Resident above Sixty Years in the United States of America

    LUCY TERRY (c. 1724–1821)

    1. Bars Fight

    OLAUDAH EQUIANO (c. 1745–1797)

    1. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself
      1. Volume I
        1. Chapter I
        2. Chapter II
        3. From Chapter III
        4. From Chapter IV

    PHILLIS WHEATLEY (1753?–1784)

    1. From Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral
      1. Preface
      2. [Letter Sent by the Author’s Master to the Publisher]
      3. [To the Publick]
      4. To Mæcenas
      5. To the University of Cambridge, in New-England
      6. On Being Brought from Africa to America
      7. On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield
      8. 1770
      9. To the Right Honourable William, Earl of Dartmouth, His Majesty’s Principal Secretary of State for North-America, Etc.
      10. On Imagination
      11. To S.M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing His Works
    2. To Samson Occom
    3. To His Excellency General Washington

    DAVID WALKER (1785–1830)

    1. David Walker’s Appeal in Four Articles; Together with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World
      1. Preamble
      2. Article I. Our Wretchedness in Consequence of Slavery

    GEORGE MOSES HORTON (1797?–1883?)

    1. The Lover’s Farewell
    2. On Hearing of the Intention of a Gentleman to Purchase the Poet’s Freedom
    3. Division of an Estate
    4. The Creditor to His Proud Debtor
    5. George Moses Horton, Myself

    SOJOURNER TRUTH (1797–1883)

    1. Ar’n’t I a Woman?
      1. From the Anti-Slavery Bugle, June 21, 1851
      2. From The Narrative of Sojourner Truth, 1878

    MARIA W. STEWART (1803–1879)

    1. Religion and the Pure Principles of Morality, the Sure Foundation on Which We Must Build
      1. Introduction
    2. Lecture Delivered at the Franklin Hall, Boston, September 21, 1832

    MARTIN R. DELANY (1812–1885)

    1. The Condition, Elevation, Emigration and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States
      1. Chapter I. Condition of Many Classes in Europe Considered
      2. Chapter II. Comparative Condition of the Colored People of the United States
      3. Chapter V. Means of Elevation
      4. Chapter XXIII. Things as They Are
      5. Chapter XXIV. A Glance at Ourselves—
      6. Conclusion

    HARRIET JACOBS (c. 1813–1897)

    1. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
      1. Preface
      2. I. Childhood
      3. II. The New Master and Mistress
      4. V. The Trials of Girlhood
      5. X. A Perilous Passage in the Slave Girl’s Life
      6. XIV. Another Link to Life
      7. XVII. The Flight
      8. XXI. The Loophole of Retreat
      9. XXIX. Preparations for Escape
      10. XXXIX. The Confession
      11. XL. The Fugitive Slave Law
      12. XLI. Free at Last

    WILLIAM WELLS BROWN (1814?–1884)

    1. Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave
      1. Chapter V
      2. From Chapter VI
    2. Clotel; or, The President’s Daughter
      1. Chapter I. The Negro Sale
      2. Chapter II. Going to the South
      3. Chapter IV. The Quadroon’s Home
      4. Chapter XV. To-Day a Mistress, To-Morrow a Slave
      5. Chapter XIX. Escape of Clotel

    HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET (1815–1882)

    1. An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America

    VICTOR SÉJOUR (1817–1874)

    1. The Mulatto

    ELIZABETH KECKLEY (c. 1818–1907)

    1. Behind the Scenes; or, Thirty Years a Slave and Four Years in the White House
      1. Preface.
      2. Chapter I. Where I Was Born
      3. Chapter II. Girlhood and Its Sorrows
      4. Chapter III. How I Gained My Freedom
      5. Chapter IV. In the Family of Senator Jefferson Davis

    FREDERICK DOUGLASS (1818–1895)

    1. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself †
    2. My Bondage and My Freedom
      1. Chapter XXIII. Introduced to the Abolitionists
      2. Chapter XXIV. Twenty-One Months in Great Britain
    3. From What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?: An Address Delivered in Rochester, New York, on 5 July 1852
    4. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass
      1. Second Part
        1. From Chapter XV. Weighed in the Balance
      2. Third Part
        1. Chapter 1. Later Life

    JAMES M. WHITFIELD (1822–1871)

    1. America
    2. Yes! Strike Again That Sounding String
    3. Self-Reliance

    FRANCES E. W. HARPER (1825–1911)

    1. Ethiopia
    2. Eliza Harris
    3. The Slave Mother
    4. Vashti
    5. Bury Me in a Free Land
    6. Aunt Chloe’s Politics
    7. Learning to Read
    8. A Double Standard
    9. Songs for the People
    10. An Appeal to My Country Women
    11. The Two Offers
    12. Our Greatest Want
    13. Fancy Etchings
      1. [Enthusiasm and Lofty Aspirations]
      2. [Dangerous Economies]
    14. Woman’s Political Future

    HARRIET E. WILSON (1828?–1863?)

    1. Our Nig; or, Sketches from the Life of a Free Black, in a Two-Story White House, North
      1. Preface
      2. Chapter I. Mag Smith, My Mother
      3. Chapter II. My Father’s Death
      4. Chapter III. A New Home for Me
      5. From Chapter VIII. Visitor and Departure
      6. Chapter X. Perplexities—Another Death
      7. Chapter XII. The Winding Up of the Matter

    Literature of the Reconstruction to the Negro Renaissance, 1865–1919

    CHARLOTTE FORTEN GRIMKÉ (1837–1914)

    1. A Parting Hymn
    2. Journals
      1. From Journal One
      2. From Journal Three

    BOOKER T. WASHINGTON (1856–1915)

    1. Up From Slavery
      1. Chapter I. A Slave among Slaves
      2. Chapter II. Boyhood Days
      3. Chapter III. The Struggle for an Education
      4. Chapter XIV. The Atlanta Exposition Address

    CHARLES W. CHESNUTT (1858–1932)

    1. The Goophered Grapevine
    2. The Passing of Grandison
    3. The Wife of His Youth
    4. From The Journals of Charles W. Chesnutt

    ANNA JULIA COOPER (1858?–1964)

    1. Womanhood a Vital Element in the Regeneration and Progress of a Race

    PAULINE E. HOPKINS (1859–1930)

    1. Talma Gordon
    2. Famous Men of the Negro Race
      1. Booker T. Washington
    3. Famous Women of the Negro Race
      1. V. Literary Workers (Concluded)
    4. Letter from Cordelia A. Condict and Pauline Hopkins’s
    5. Reply (March 1903)

    IDA B. WELLS-BARNETT (1862–1931)

    1. A Red Record
      1. Chapter I. The Case Stated
      2. Chapter X. The Remedy

    W. E. B. DU BOIS (1868–1963)

    1. A Litany of Atlanta
    2. The Song of the Smoke
    3. The Souls of Black Folk
      1. The Forethought
      2. I. Of Our Spiritual Strivings
      3. III. Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others
      4. IV. Of the Meaning of Progress
      5. V. Of the Wings of Atalanta
      6. VI. Of the Training of Black Men
      7. X. Of the Faith of the Fathers
      8. XI. Of the Passing of the First-Born
      9. XII. Of Alexander Crummell
      10. XIII. Of the Coming of John
      11. XIV. The Sorrow Songs
      12. The After-Thought
    4. The Damnation of Women
    5. Criteria of Negro Art
    6. Two Novels

    JAMES D. CORROTHERS (1869–1917)

    1. The Snapping of the Bow
    2. Me ’n’ Dunbar
    3. Paul Laurence Dunbar
    4. At the Closed Gate of Justice
    5. An Indignation Dinner

    JAMES WELDON JOHNSON (1871–1938)

    1. Sence You Went Away
    2. Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing
    3. O Black and Unknown Bards
    4. Fifty Years
    5. Brothers
    6. The Creation •
    7. My City
    8. The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man †
    9. The Book of American Negro Poetry
      1. Preface

    PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR (1872–1906)

    1. Ode to Ethiopia
    2. Worn Out
    3. A Negro Love Song
    4. The Colored Soldiers
    5. An Ante-Bellum Sermon
    6. Ere Sleep Comes Down to Soothe the Weary Eyes
    7. Not They Who Soar
    8. When Malindy Sings
    9. We Wear the Mask
    10. Little Brown Baby
    11. Her Thought and His
    12. A Cabin Tale
    13. Sympathy
    14. Dinah Kneading Dough
    15. The Haunted Oak
    16. Douglass
    17. Philosophy
    18. Black Samson of Brandywine
    19. The Poet
    20. The Fourth of July and Race Outrages

    SUTTON E. GRIGGS (1872–1933)

    1. The Hindered Hand; or, The Reign of the Repressionist
      1. Chapter XIX. The Fugitives Flee Again
      2. Chapter XX. The Blaze

    ALICE MOORE DUNBAR NELSON (1875–1935)

    1. Violets
    2. I Sit and Sew
    3. April Is on the Way
    4. Violets

    WILLIAM STANLEY BRAITHWAITE (1878–1962)

    1. The Watchers
    2. The House of Falling Leaves
    3. Sic Vita
    4. Turn Me to My Yellow Leaves
    5. Quiet Has a Hidden Sound

    FENTON JOHNSON (1888–1958)

    1. Singing Hallelujah
    2. Song of the Whirlwind
    3. My God in Heaven Said to Me
    4. The Lonely Mother
    5. Tired
    6. The Scarlet Woman

    Harlem Renaissance, 1919-1940

    ARTHUR A. SCHOMBURG (1874–1938)

    1. The Negro Digs Up His Past

    ANGELINA WELD GRIMKÉ (1880–1958)

    1. A Winter Twilight
    2. The Black Finger
    3. When the Green Lies over the Earth
    4. Tenebris

    ANNE SPENCER (1882–1975)

    1. Before the Feast of Shushan
    2. Dunbar
    3. At the Carnival
    4. The Wife-Woman

    JESSIE REDMON FAUSET (c. 1884–1961)

    1. Plum Bun: A Novel without a Moral
      1. Home
        1. Chapter I [Black Philadelphia]
        2. Chapter II [Sundays]

    ALAIN LOCKE (1886–1954)

    1. The New Negro

    GEORGIA DOUGLAS JOHNSON (1886–1966)

    1. The Heart of a Woman
    2. Youth
    3. Lost Illusions
    4. I Want to Die While You Love Me

    MARCUS GARVEY (1887–1940)

    1. Africa for the Africans
    2. The Future as I See It

    CLAUDE McKAY (1889–1948)

    1. Harlem Shadows
    2. If We Must Die •
    3. To the White Fiends
    4. Africa
    5. America
    6. My Mother
    7. Enslaved
    8. The White House
    9. Outcast
    10. St. Isaac’s Church, Petrograd
    11. Home to Harlem
      1. Chapter XVII. He Also Loved
    12. Harlem Runs Wild

    ZORA NEALE HURSTON (1891–1960)

    1. Sweat
    2. How It Feels to Be Colored Me
    3. The Gilded Six-Bits
    4. Characteristics of Negro Expression
    5. Mules and Men
      1. [Negro Folklore]
    6. Their Eyes Were Watching God
      1. Chapter 1 [The Return]
      2. Chapter 2 [Pear Tree]
    7. Dust Tracks on a Road
      1. Chapter X. Research

    NELLA LARSEN (1893–1964)

    1. Quicksand †

    JEAN TOOMER (1894–1967)

    1. Cane
      1. Karintha
      2. Reapers
      3. November Cotton Flower
      4. Becky
      5. Face
      6. Cotton Song
      7. Carma
      8. Song of the Son
      9. Georgia Dusk
      10. Fern
      11. Nullo
      12. Evening Song
      13. Esther
      14. Conversion
      15. Portrait in Georgia
      16. Blood-Burning Moon
      17. Seventh Street
      18. Rhobert
      19. Avey
      20. Beehive
      21. Storm Ending
      22. Theater
      23. Her Lips Are Copper Wire
      24. Calling Jesus
      25. Box Seat
      26. Prayer
      27. Harvest Song
      28. Bona and Paul

    GEORGE SAMUEL SCHUYLER (1895–1977)

    1. The Negro-Art Hokum

    RUDOLPH FISHER (1897–1934)

    1. The City of Refuge
    2. The Caucasian Storms Harlem

    MARITA BONNER (1899–1971)

    1. On Being Young—a Woman—and Colored

    STERLING A. BROWN (1901–1989)

    1. Odyssey of Big Boy
    2. Long Gone
    3. Southern Road
    4. Strong Men •
    5. Memphis Blues
    6. Slim Greer
    7. Tin Roof Blues
    8. Ma Rainey
    9. Cabaret
    10. Sporting Beasley
    11. Sam Smiley
    12. Old Lem

    GWENDOLYN B. BENNETT (1902–1981)

    1. Heritage
    2. To a Dark Girl
    3. Sonnet—2
    4. Hatred

    WALLACE THURMAN (1902–1934)

    1. Infants of the Spring
      1. Chapter XXI [Harlem Salon]

    ARNA BONTEMPS (1902–1973)

    1. A Black Man Talks of Reaping
    2. Nocturne at Bethesda
    3. Southern Mansion
    4. Miracles
    5. A Summer Tragedy

    LANGSTON HUGHES (1902–1967)

    1. The Negro Speaks of Rivers •
    2. Mother to Son
    3. Danse Africaine
    4. Jazzonia
    5. When Sue Wears Red
    6. Dream Variations
    7. The Weary Blues
    8. I, Too
    9. Jazz Band in a Parisian Cabaret
    10. Homesick Blues
    11. Po’ Boy Blues
    12. Mulatto
    13. Red Silk Stockings
    14. Song for a Dark Girl
    15. Gal’s Cry for a Dying Lover
    16. Dear Lovely Death
    17. Afro-American Fragment
    18. Negro Servant
    19. Christ in Alabama
    20. Letter to the Academy
    21. Ballad of the Landlord
    22. Merry-Go-Round
    23. Madam and the Rent Man
    24. Trumpet Player
    25. Madam and the Phone Bill
    26. Song for Billie Holiday
    27. Juke Box Love Song
    28. Dream Boogie
    29. Harlem
    30. Motto
    31. Theme for English B
    32. Not What Was
    33. The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain
    34. The Blues I’m Playing
    35. The Big Sea
      1. When the Negro Was in Vogue
      2. Harlem Literati
      3. Downtown

    COUNTEE CULLEN (1903–1946)

    1. Yet Do I Marvel
    2. Tableau
    3. Incident
    4. Saturday’s Child
    5. The Shroud of Color
    6. Heritage †
    7. To John Keats, Poet, at Spring Time
    8. From the Dark Tower

    HELENE JOHNSON (1907–1995)

    1. Poem
    2. Sonnet to a Negro in Harlem
    3. Remember Not
    4. Invocation

    Realism, Naturalism, Modernism, 1940–1960

    MELVIN B. TOLSON (1900?–1966)

    1. An Ex-Judge at the Bar
    2. Dark Symphony
    3. A Legend of Versailles
    4. From Libretto for the Republic of Liberia
    5. The Birth of John Henry
    6. Satchmo

    DOROTHY WEST (1907–1998)

    1. The Living Is Easy
      1. Part One
        1. Chapter 1 [Cleo]
        2. Chapter 2 [Cleo’s High Jinks]
        3. Chapter 3 [Cleo Goes North]

    RICHARD WRIGHT (1908–1960)

    1. Blueprint for Negro Writing
    2. The Ethics of Living Jim Crow, an Autobiographical
    3. Sketch
    4. Long Black Song
    5. The Man Who Lived Underground †
    6. Black Boy
      1. Chapter XIII [Booklist]
      2. Chapter XVI [Chicago]

    CHESTER B. HIMES (1909–1984)

    1. To What Red Hell

    ANN PETRY (1911–1997)

    1. Like a Winding Sheet
    2. The Street
      1. Chapter I [The Apartment]

    ROBERT HAYDEN (1913–1982)

    1. The Diver
    2. Homage to the Empress of the Blues
    3. Middle Passage
    4. Those Winter Sundays •
    5. O Daedalus, Fly Away Home
    6. Runagate Runagate
    7. Frederick Douglass
    8. A Ballad of Remembrance
    9. Mourning Poem for the Queen of Sunday
    10. Soledad
    11. El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
    12. A Letter from Phillis Wheatley

    RALPH ELLISON (1914–1994)

    1. Richard Wright’s Blues
    2. Invisible Man
      1. Prologue
      2. Chapter 1 [Battle Royal]
      3. Epilogue
    3. Change the Joke and Slip the Yoke
    4. The World and the Jug
    5. Remembering Richard Wright
    6. Letter to Stanley Edgar Hyman

    MARGARET WALKER (1915–1998)

    1. For My People •
    2. Poppa Chicken
    3. For Malcolm X
    4. Prophets for a New Day

    GWENDOLYN BROOKS (1917–2000)

    1. kitchenette building
    2. the mother
    3. a song in the front yard •
    4. Sadie and Maud
    5. The Vacant Lot
    6. the preacher: ruminates behind the sermon
    7. The Sundays of Satin-Legs Smith
    8. Maxie Allen
    9. The Rites for Cousin Vit
    10. The Children of the Poor
    11. The Lovers of the Poor
    12. We Real Cool •
    13. The Chicago Defender Sends a Man to Little Rock
    14. A Lovely Love
    15. Malcolm X
    16. Two Dedications
    17. Riot
    18. The Third Sermon on the Warpland
    19. Young Heroes
    20. when you have forgotten Sunday: the love story
    21. Maud Martha

    JAMES BALDWIN (1924–1987)

    1. Everybody’s Protest Novel
    2. Going to Meet the Man
    3. Stranger in the Village
    4. Notes of a Native Son
    5. Sonny’s Blues

    BOB KAUFMAN (1925–1986)

    1. Walking Parker Home
    2. Grandfather Was Queer, Too
    3. Jail Poems

    LORRAINE HANSBERRY (1930–1965)

    1. A Raisin in the Sun †

    The Black Arts Era, 1960–1975

    MARI EVANS (b. 1923)

    1. Status Symbol
    2. I Am a Black Woman

    HOYT FULLER (1923–1981)

    1. Towards a Black Aesthetic

    MALCOLM X (EL-HAJJ MALIK EL-SHABAZZ) (1925–1965)

    1. The Autobiography of Malcolm X
      1. Chapter Eleven. Saved

    JOHN ALFRED WILLIAMS (b. 1925)

    1. The Man Who Cried I Am
      1. 1 [In an Outdoor Café]
      2. 2 [Memories, Margrit, Morphine]
      3. 3 [Picture of the Writer]

    MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. (1929–1968)

    1. Letter from Birmingham Jail

    ETHERIDGE KNIGHT (1931–1985)

    1. The Idea of Ancestry
    2. Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane
    3. For Black Poets Who Think of Suicide

    ADDISON GAYLE JR. (1932–1991)

    1. The Black Aesthetic
      1. Introduction

    AUDRE LORDE (1934–1992)

    1. Equinox
    2. Coal
    3. Now That I Am Forever with Child
    4. A Litany for Survival
    5. Poetry Is Not a Luxury
    6. Zami: A New Spelling of My Name
      1. From 3
      2. From 11
      3. From 31
      4. Epilogue

    AMIRI BARAKA (b. 1934)

    1. Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note
    2. In Memory of Radio
    3. A Poem for Black Hearts
    4. I don’t love you
    5. Three Movements and a Coda
    6. SOS
    7. Black Art
    8. The Invention of Comics
    9. Wailers •
    10. Dutchman †
    11. The Revolutionary Theatre

    SONIA SANCHEZ (b. 1934)

    1. homecoming
    2. poem at thirty
    3. for our lady
    4. Summer Words of a Sistuh Addict •
    5. A Blues Book for Blue Black Magical Women
      1. From Part Three

    ED BULLINS (b. 1935)

    1. Goin’a Buffalo: A Tragifantasy

    ELDRIDGE CLEAVER (1935–1998)

    1. Soul on Ice
    2. The Primeval Mitosis

    A. B. SPELLMAN (b. 1935)

    1. Did John’s Music Kill Him?

    JUNE JORDAN (1936–2002)

    1. In Memoriam: Martin Luther King, Jr.
    2. Poem about My Rights
    3. Poem for Guatemala
    4. Intifada
    5. From Civil Wars: Observations from the Front Lines of America
    6. From Soldier: A Poet’s Childhood

    LUCILLE CLIFTON (b. 1936)

    1. the lost baby poem
    2. malcolm
    3. homage to my hips
    4. wishes for sons
    5. move

    JAYNE CORTEZ (b. 1936)

    1. How Long Has Trane Been Gone •

    LARRY NEAL (1937–1981)

    1. The Black Arts Movement

    ISHMAEL REED (b. 1938)

    1. I am a cowboy in the boat of Ra
    2. Railroad Bill, a Conjure Man
    3. Dualism
    4. Chattanooga
    5. Neo-HooDoo Manifesto
    6. From Mumbo Jumbo

    MICHAEL S. HARPER (b. 1938)

    1. Dear John, Dear Coltrane •
    2. Deathwatch
    3. Br’er Sterling and the Rocker
    4. Grandfather

    TONI CADE BAMBARA (1939–1995)

    1. Raymond’s Run
    2. From The Salt Eaters

    MAULANA KARENGA (b. 1941)

    1. Black Art: Mute Matter Given Force and Function

    HAKI R. MADHUBUTI (b. 1942)

    1. Back Again, Home
    2. Introduction [to Think Black]
    3. The Long Reality
    4. Malcolm Spoke / who listened?
    5. a poem to complement other poems

    NIKKI GIOVANNI (b. 1943)

    1. For Saundra
    2. Beautiful Black Men
    3. Nikki-Rosa
    4. Knoxville, Tennessee
    5. From a Logical Point of View

    JAMES ALAN McPHERSON (b. 1943)

    1. A Solo Song: For Doc

    QUINCY TROUPE (b. 1943)

    1. In Texas Grass
    2. Conversation Overheard
    3. Impressions / of Chicago; For Howlin’ Wolf

    CAROLYN M. RODGERS (b. 1945)

    1. Jesus Was Crucified
    2. It Is Deep
    3. For Sistuhs Wearin’ Straight Hair

    Literature Since 1975

    ALBERT MURRAY (b. 1916)

    1. Train Whistle Guitar
      1. [History Lessons]

    MAYA ANGELOU (b. 1928)

    1. Still I Rise
    2. My Arkansas
    3. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
      1. Chapter 15 [Mrs. Flowers]
      2. Chapter 16 [“Mam”]

    PAULE MARSHALL (b. 1929)

    1. Reena
    2. To Da-Duh, in Memoriam
    3. The Making of a Writer: From the Poets in the
    4. Kitchen

    ADRIENNE KENNEDY (b. 1931)

    1. A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White †

    TONI MORRISON (b. 1931)

    1. Song of Solomon
      1. Part II
        1. Chapter 10
        2. Chapter 11
        3. Chapter 12
        4. Chapter 13
        5. Chapter 14
        6. Chapter 15
    2. Rootedness: The Ancestor as Foundation
    3. The Site of Memory
    4. Unspeakable Things Unspoken: The Afro-American
    5. Presence in American Literature

    ERNEST J. GAINES (b. 1933)

    1. The Sky Is Gray

    CLARENCE MAJOR (b. 1936)

    1. Swallow the Lake
    2. Round Midnight
    3. On Watching a Caterpillar Become a Butterfly
    4. Chicago Heat

    LEON FORREST (1937–1997)

    1. There Is a Tree More Ancient Than Eden
      1. The Epistle of Sweetie Reed

    JOHN EDGAR WIDEMAN (b. 1941)

    1. Brothers and Keepers
      1. [Robby’s Version]
    2. Damballah

    SAMUEL R. DELANY (b. 1942)

    1. From Atlantis: Model 1924

    SHERLEY ANNE WILLIAMS (1944–1999)

    1. The Peacock Poems: 1
    2. I Want Aretha to Set This to Music
    3. Tell Martha Not to Moan

    ALICE WALKER (b. 1944)

    1. Women
    2. Outcast
    3. On Stripping Bark from Myself
    4. “Good Night, Willie Lee, I’ll See You in the Morning”
    5. In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens
    6. Everyday Use
    7. Advancing Luna—and Ida B. Wells
    8. The Color Purple
      1. [God Love All Them Feelings]

    AUGUST WILSON (b. 1945)

    1. Joe Turner’s Come and Gone †

    MICHELLE CLIFF (b. 1946)

    1. Within the Veil
    2. Columba

    OCTAVIA BUTLER (b. 1947)

    1. Bloodchild

    YUSEF KOMUNYAKAA (b. 1947)

    1. February in Sydney
    2. Facing It
    3. Sunday Afternoons
    4. Banking Potatoes
    5. Birds on a Powerline

    NATHANIEL MACKEY (b. 1947)

    1. Falso Brilhante
    2. Song of the Andoumboulou: 8
    3. Djbot Baghostus’s Run
      1. 26.IX.81

    CHARLES JOHNSON (b. 1948)

    1. The Education of Mingo

    NTOZAKE SHANGE (b. 1948)

    1. From for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf
    2. Nappy Edges
    3. Bocas: A Daughter’s Geography

    GAYL JONES (b. 1949)

    1. From Corregidora

    JAMAICA KINCAID (b. 1949)

    1. Annie John
      1. Chapter Two. The Circling Hand

    DAVID BRADLEY (b. 1950)

    1. The Chaneysville Incident
      1. [Old Jack]

    GLORIA NAYLOR (b. 1950)

    1. The Women of Brewster Place
      1. The Two

    RITA DOVE (b. 1952)

    1. David Walker (1785–1830)
    2. Parsley
    3. Receiving the Stigmata
    4. Thomas and Beulah
      1. The Event •
      2. Motherhood
      3. Daystar
      4. The Oriental Ballerina
    5. Pastoral
    6. Mother Love
      1. Statistic: The Witness
      2. Mother Love
      3. Demeter Mourning
      4. History
      5. Demeter’s Prayer to Hades

    WALTER MOSLEY (b. 1952)

    1. Equal Opportunity

    HARRYETTE MULLEN (b. 1953)

    1. Muse & Drudge
      1. [Sapphire’s lyre styles]
      2. [country clothes hung on her all and sundry]
      3. [odds meeting on a bus]
      4. [why these blues come from us]
      5. [go on sister sing your song]
      6. [tomboy girl with cowboy boots]
      7. [sauce squandering sassy cook]
      8. [marry at a hotel, annul ’em]
      9. [precious cargo up crooked alleys]
      10. [with all that rope they gave us]
      11. [the royal yellow sovereign]
      12. [tom-tom can’t catch]
      13. [massa had a yeller]
      14. [cough drops prick thick]
      15. [ain’t cut drylongso]
      16. [soulless divaism]
      17. [moon, whoever knew you]

    ESSEX HEMPHILL (1957–1995)

    1. Conditions
      1. XXI
      2. XXII
      3. XXIV

    CARYL PHILLIPS (b. 1958)

    1. Crossing the River
      1. II. West

    EDWIDGE DANTICAT (b. 1969)

    1. Breath, Eyes, Memory
      1. Chapter 1
      2. Chapter 35

    COLSON WHITEHEAD (b. 1969)

    1. John Henry Days
      1. [1]
      2. [2]
      3. [3]

    Selected Bibliographies

    Timeline

    Audio Companion Liner Notes